History Of Linguistics MCQ’s Part 01 l History of Linguistics Quiz l ELP

Here is History Of Linguistics MCQ’s Part 01 for you!
(History of Linguistics MCQ’s Part 02)

Babylonian Tradition of Linguistics:

Q. The earliest linguistic texts date back to?
Ans. 4000 years before the present
Q. These linguistic texts were written in?
Ans. Cuneiform
Q. What is Cuneiform?
Ans. An ancient system of writing
Q. In Southern Mesopotamia in 2nd Millennium BC, a grammatical tradition lasted for?
Ans. 2500 years
Q. The linguistic texts from this grammatical tradition were……..?
Ans. List of nouns
Q. The linguistic texts from this grammatical tradition were list of nouns in?
Ans. Sumerian language

Q. Sumerian was the language of?
Ans. Religious and legal texts
Q. Which very different language replaced Sumerian language in everyday speech?
Ans. Akkadian

(History of Linguistics MCQ’s Part 02)
Q. Akkadian became famous and was taught as a?
Ans. Foreign language
Q. Over the centuries, the Sumerian words were provided with?
Ans. Akkadian translations
Q. Ultimately texts emerged which gave different forms to?
Ans. Akkadian words which had just one form

The Hindu Tradition of Linguistics:

Q. The Hindu tradition of Linguistics had its origin in the?
Ans. First Millennium BC
Q. The Hindu tradition of Linguistics was stimulated by changes in?
Ans. Sanskrit
Q. The best known grammarian from this tradition is?
Ans. Pānini
Q. What was the era of Pānini?
Ans. 600 to 500 BC
(BC calendar counts backwards, when it reaches zero, Jesus Christ is born)
Q. Who discovered and published the works of Pānini?
Ans. European scholars

Q. When did European scholars discover and public the works of Pānini?
Ans. 19th century
Q. Who is considered the “first descriptive linguist”?
Ans. Pānini
Q. Pānini is even labelled as…..?
Ans. The father of linguistics
Q. Pānini’s Grammar greatly influenced…….?
Ans. Ferdinand De Saussure
Q. The grammar of Pānini covered?
Ans. Phonetics and Morphology

Q. The Phonetics of Pānini included differences between words pronounced in isolation and in?
Ans. Connected speech
Q. Pānini’s grammar dealt mostly with?
Ans. Rules of word formation
Q. The Hindu tradition of Linguistics far surpassed anything done in?
Ans. Europe for a very long time
Q. Pānini’s grammar was also influential on the linguist?
Ans. Leonard Bloomfield
Q. Linguistics began to be studied systematically by the Indian scholar?
Ans. Pānini

Greek Tradition of Linguistics:

Q. Who laid the foundation of Western linguistics?
Ans. Aristotle
Q. In which work did Aristotle lay the foundation of Western linguistics?
Ans. Poetics
Q. When did the Greek Tradition of Linguistics develop?
Ans. It developed slightly later than the Hindu Tradition
Q. Greek Tradition of Linguistics also developed in response to linguistic change which made necessary the explanations of?
Ans. Homer’s epics
Q. Another reason of the development of Greek Tradition of Linguistics was that philosophical and theoretical questions about………were also investigated?
Ans. Language

Q. Themes of importance in the Greek Tradition included the origin of language, relation between language and thought, and?
Ans. Parts of speech
Q. Greeks studied whether the form and meaning of words are connected by nature. It is called?
Ans. Iconicity
Q. Greeks studied whether the form and meaning of words are connected by convention. It is called?
Ans. Arbitrariness
Q. Plato’s book Craiylus represents Socrates arguing for original natural connections of words with?
Ans. Objects etc.
Q. These natural connections were later obscured by?
Ans. Convention

(means there came a trend of conventional meaning)

Q. Aristotle favored conventional meaning over?
Ans. Natural meaning
Q. The first surviving grammar of Greek Tradition is?
Ans. Techne Grammaticke by Dionysius Thrax.
Q. Techne Grammaticke by Dionysius Thrax dates about?
Ans. 100 BC
Q. Techne Grammaticke treated?
Ans. Phonetics and Morphology including parts of speech
Q. Techne Grammaticke had considerable influence over?
Ans. Later descriptive grammars
Q. Greek syntax was first described by?
Ans. Appolonius Dyscolus

(History of Linguistics MCQ’s Part 02)

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