Linguistics MCQs Part 01 l Linguistics Quiz l 1000 Multiple Choice Questions

Here is Linguistics MCQs Part 01 for you!
(Linguistics MCQs Part 02)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 03)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 04)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 05)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 06)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 07)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 08)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 09)

Q What is the function of Broca’s area in brain?
Ans. Production of language
Q. Where is Broca’s area located in brain?
Ans. To the left, on the front side
Q. The use of unpleasant harsh sounds in speech or writing is called?
Ans. Cacophony
Q. Give an example of cacophony?
Ans. “I detest war because cause of war is always trivial.”
(The phrase “because cause” is cacophonic as “because” is followed by “cause” which has a similar sound, but different meaning. Generally, it sounds unpleasant as the same sound is repeated in two different words)
Q. In linguistics, sounds which begin with complete obstruction of breath followed by slow release of air are called?
Ans. Affricates
(obstruction means blockade)
Q. How many affricate sounds does English have?
Ans. English has two affricate sounds “ch” and “j” e.g. the initial sounds in ‘chair’ and ‘jam’
Q. What is semantics?
Ans. Semantics is the study of the meanings of words, phrases and sentences

Q. Who created the terms signifier and signified?
Ans. Ferdinand De Saussure
Q. What is Signifier?
Ans. Signifier is the sound or pronunciation of a word
Q. What is Signified?
Ans. Signified is the meaning indicated by the signifier/pronunciation of a word

Q. When two varieties of a language are spoken in a society in which one is formal and another is informal, it is called?
Ans. Diglossia e.g. street language and formal language
Q. Who first used the term diglossia in English?
Ans. Linguist Charles Ferguson used it first in 1959
Q. The concept of LAD
(Language Acquisition Device) was given by?
Ans. Noam Chomsky
Q. What is LAD or Language Acquisition Device?
Ans. It is the innate biological ability which enables an infant to acquire and produce language

Q. What is vocal tract?
Ans. The vocal tract is the cavity found in humans that is responsible for producing sounds. It includes the lips, tongue, throat and even nose
Q. What is the difference between consonants and vowels?
Ans. Consonants are articulated with full or partial closure in the vocal tract while vowels are produced with a free flow of the air
Q. Vowels are also called…….?
Ans. Frictionless continuants
Q. What is Conceptual meaning?
Ans. The basic meaning conveyed by words e.g. the word needle means “thin, sharp, steel instrument”
Q. In linguistics, complete closure of the oral cavity with the air diverted through the nose makes…..?
Ans. Nasal sounds e.g. m, n, ng
(mouth is called oral cavity)
Q. What is Phoneme?
Ans. The smallest unit of speech that makes one word different from another word e.g. “c” and “b” are different phonemes in the words “cat” and “bat”

Q……… is the study of the ways in which phonemes are allowed to combine in a particular language?
Ans. Phonotactics e.g. we can never have words like “fsig” or “rnig”
(Phonemes are actually sounds in a language. English has 44 phonemes OR sounds)

Q. Give two examples of Phonotactics?
Ans. /bl/ is a permissible sequence at the start of a word (e.g. blast), it cannot occur at the end. conversely, /nk/ is permitted at the end of a word (e.g. link), but not permitted at the start.”
Q. Phonotactics is the branch of…..?
Ans. Phonology
Q. The primitive categories in a grammar e.g. Noun, Pronoun, Adjective etc. are called?
Ans. Substantive universals.
(Substantive universals are claimed to occur in all grammars)
Q. The hard part that forms the top of the mouth, behind the front teeth is called……?
Ans. Hard palate
Q.  What is Collocation?
Ans. Words that frequently occur together e.g. salt and pepper

Q. What is synonymy?
Ans. It is the study of words with the same or similar meaning e.g. “conceal” is a synonym of “hide”
Q. The basic principle of Lexicography is?
Ans. Synonymy
(lexicography is the process of writing, editing and compiling a dictionary)

Q. The soul of language is?
Ans. Meaning
Q. Give three examples of /i:/ sound?
Ans. Seat, see, need
/i:/ represents long vowel sound of the vowel i

Q. Egressive pulmonic airflow is the normal mechanism for producing speech sounds in…….?
Ans. All languages
Q. What are pulmonic egressive sounds?
Ans. These sounds are produced when air flow is directed outwards from lungs towards oral cavity e.g. p, n, s
Q. The study of the origins and development of language is called?
Ans. Glossogenetics
Q. Homophony refers to……..?
Ans. Same pronunciation but different meanings e.g. too, two, to
Q. Sound that is produced when air is blocked by the tip of the tongue but allowed to escape round the sides of the tongue is called?
Ans. Lateral sound. L is lateral sound. Actually “lateral” means “belonging to the side”
Q. The only lateral sound in English is?
Ans. L

(Linguistics MCQs Part 02)
Q. The process by which humans acquire a language naturally and gradually is called?
Ans. Language Acquisition
Q. A more conscious process of collecting knowledge of a language is called?
Ans. Language Learning
Q. What is Audio-lingual Method?
Ans. It is a method of foreign language teaching which emphasizes the teaching of listening and speaking before reading and writing
Q. Audio-lingual Method is also called?
Ans. Army Method Or New Key

Q. The study of the overall structure and history of the vocabulary of a language is called…….?
Ans. Lexicology

Q. What is the function of Wernicke’s area in brain?
Ans. Comprehension of speech
Q. Where is Wernicke’s area located in brain?
Ans. To the left, in the back
Q. What is International Phonetic Alphabet?
Ans. It is a series of symbols for the representation of human speech sounds e.g. the symbol “æ” is used for the “a” in cat and the symbol “ʃ” is used for “sh” in shirt

Q. The full form of IPA is?
Ans. International Phonetic Alphabet
Q. Who devised International Phonetic Alphabet?
Ans. An organization named International Phonetic Association. It was established in 1886
Q. International Phonetic Alphabet was first published in?
Ans. 1888
Q. Which method insists on learning grammatical rules and translation and ignores the skills of speaking and reading?
Ans. Grammar Translation Method
Q. The earliest method of learning a second language is?
Ans. Grammar Translation Method

Q. As a reaction against the Grammar Translation Method, which method came in vogue?
Ans. Direct Method

Q. The Direct Method insists that?
Ans. Language has its roots in the spoken language and lays stress on the oral approach
Q. What is denotative meaning?
Ans. The denotative meaning of a word is its dictionary/main meaning e.g. the word “blue” is a color whose hue is that of the clear sky

Q. Denotative meaning is also called…..?
Ans. Conceptual meaning
Q. What is connotative meaning?
Ans. It is the suggestive and figurative meaning of a word e.g. She is feeling blue. Here “blue” means ‘sad’
Q. The phrase, ‘A Summer’s day’ in Shakespeare’s verse “Shall I Compare Thee To A Summer’s Day” is a classic example of?
Ans. Denotation
Q. R.P stands for?
Ans. Received Pronunciation
Q. What is Received Pronunciation?
Ans. It is the standard accent of British pronunciation
Q. The older term used for the study of languages was?
Ans. Philology. Now it’s Linguistics

Q. Most linguists are currently gathering data on?
Ans. The poorly documented languages of the world

Q. Which institute plays a big role in gathering data on poorly documented languages?
Ans. SIL International

Q. What was SIL International formerly called?
Ans. The Summer Institute of Linguistics
Q. SIL International was established in the USA in?
Ans. 1934
Q. How many languages are under investigation by SIL linguists these days?
Ans. Over 1000 languages
Q. Grammar based on how people currently use a language, not based on past usage of language and grammar is called?
Ans. Descriptive Grammar
Q. In American English, if “t” occurs between vowels it is pronounced as “d” e.g. “writer” is pronounced as “Rider,” this is called?
Ans. Flapping
Q. Which part of our brain controls the articulatory muscles jaw and tongue etc.?
Ans. Motor cortex
Q. Language ability is located in ________of our brain?
Ans. Left hemisphere

Q. What is syllable?
Ans. Any one of the parts into which a word
is divided when it is pronounced. Each part must have a vowel e.g. the word doctor has two syllables “doc” and “tor”
Q. If a long word is reduced to a single syllable and then ‘y’ or ‘ie’ is added to the end to make new words, this process is called?
Ans. Hypocorism
(e.g. Breakfast to breaky, Timothy to Timmy)
Q. Which part of our brain is damaged when we feel extreme difficulty in production of speech?
Ans. Broca’s area

Q. Linguistics is not for learning a language. It is for learning about a language?
Ans. True
Q. What is it called if in a multilingual setting, one language becomes very dominant over other languages?
Ans. Language shift
(multilingual setting means where more than two languages are spoken)

Q. Damage in Wernicke’s area of brain causes difficulty in?
Ans. Speech comprehension
Q. The total stock of words in a language is called?
Ans. Lexis

Q. Who mapped the surface of the brain?
Ans. Korbinian Broadmann
Q. Who wrote the book Problems In Neurolinguistics?
Ans. Alexander Luria
Q. A less educated variety of English is spoken by working class people in London. It is often called?
Ans. Cockney English
Q. How many properties of language are there?
Ans. Six properties
Q. Human beings can talk about their present, past and future. This property of language is called?
Ans. Displacement
Q. There is no connection between a word and its meaning. This property of language is called?
Ans. Arbitrariness e.g. “cat” has been named as “cat.” There is no connection between the word “cat” and the animal “cat.” If cat had been called “fan,” we would call it “fan” today

Q. We can utter new words and sentences but animals can’t. This property of language is called?
Ans. Creativity OR Productivity

Q. A little change in the sound can change the meaning. This property of language is called?
Ans. Discreteness e.g. in the word “Cat” if “b” is used instead of “c,” it becomes “bat”
Q. A hybrid language which develops its own grammar and vocabulary and also acquires the status of the native language of a group of speakers is known as?
Ans. Creole
(Hybrid language means it is made up of two or more languages)
Q. Give an example of Creole?
Ans. An example of creole is Chavacano which is a Spanish creole made up of 70% Spanish and 30% Tagalog etc.
Q. When back part of the tongue touches the soft palate, the sounds produced are called?
Ans. Velar sounds e.g. “k” and “g”

Q. How many velar sounds are there in English? Ans. Three. K, g, and ŋ
(ŋ stands for ng sound as in king)
Q. Received Pronunciation (RP) is associated with?
Ans. BBC
Q. P and B are __ sounds in English?
Ans. Bi-labial. They are called bi-labial sounds because both lips touch each other in the pronunciation of these sounds
Q. Total number of sounds in English is?
Ans. 44

Q. Out of 44 sounds, total number of consonant sounds in English is?
Ans. 24
(Total consonants are 21 out of 26 letters but total consonant sounds are 24 out of total 44 sounds)

Q. Out of 44 sounds, total number of vowel sounds in English is?
Ans. 20 vowel sounds
(Total vowels are 5 out of 26 letters but total vowel sounds are 20 out of 44 sounds)
Q. The omission or deletion of some sound from a word is known as?
Ans. Elision e.g. I dunno for “I don’t know” and kinda for “kind of”
Q. Does the word ‘Europe’ begin with a vowel sound?
Ans. No. It begins with “u” because “E” is silent but “u” also does not function as vowel here. “U” here sounds like “yoo” which is not vowel sound
Q. The study of signs and symbols is called?
Ans. Semiotics e.g. traffic signs, emojis etc.
Q. The inability to produce or comprehend speech because of damage to certain parts of brain is called?
Ans. Aphasia
Q. When a baby is three months old, he/she can produce velar sounds k, g and vowels i, u. This stage is known as?
Ans. Cooing

Q. What is the difference between acquisition and learning?
Ans. Acquisition is natural and learning is a conscious effort to get language
Q. When we  mix L1 and L2 and make another language, it is called?
Ans. Interlanguage
(L1 means language one which is usually our native language. L2 means the language we wish to learn)

Q. In 1348, English replaces Latin as the language of instruction in most schools?
Ans. True

(Linguistics MCQs Part 02)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 03)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 04)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 05)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 06)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 07)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 08)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 09)

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