Linguistics MCQs Part 02 l Linguistics Quiz l 1000 Multiple Choice Questions

Here is Linguistics MCQs Part 02 for you!
(Linguistics MCQs Part 01)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 03)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 04)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 05)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 06)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 07)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 08)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 09)

Q. The study of “biology and the evolution of language” is called?
Ans. Biolinguistics
Q. The knowledge possessed by native users of a language which enables them to speak and understand their language fluently is called?
Ans. Competence
Q. Who argues that language is a unique evolutionary development of the human species?
Ans. Chomsky
Q. What is Phonetics?
Ans. It studies how humans produce and perceive (hear) sounds
Q. How many branches of Phonetics are there?
Ans. Three
(Articulatory phonetics, auditory phonetics, acoustic phonetics)
Q. The study of how speech sounds are made is called?
Ans. Articulatory Phonetics
Q………deals with the hearing of speech sounds via the ears?
Ans. Auditory Phonetics
Q. The combination of two vowel sounds is called?
Ans. Diphthongs e.g. /aɪ/ as in “Light”

Q. What is Diachronic Linguistics?
Ans. It studies the development of language through history
(Basically It studies how languages or words and grammar changed across time)
Q. What is Synchronic Linguistics?
Ans. It studies the use of language in a given community in a given time
(Basically It studies language variation from place to place and person to person)

Q. What is Comparative Linguistics?
Ans. It deals with comparing two or more languages. It may also deal with comparing one language spoken in different regions
Q. How many levels OR subsystems of Linguistics are there according to Hockett? Ans. Five
Q. What are the five levels OR subsystems of Linguistics according to Hockett?
Ans. The grammatical system, the phonological system, the morphemic system, the semantic system, the phonemic system
Q. The word linguistics has been derived from?
Ans. Latin
(“lingua” means tongue, “istics” means knowledge)

Q. Sociolinguistics deals with how language is used in…….?
Ans. Society
Q…………is the variety of language spoken by a particular group of people in a community?
Ans. Sociolect e.g. “We are friends” may be used as “We are partners”

Q……… a variety of language used by one individual speaker?
Ans. Idiolect e.g. a person may call sandwiches as “sammies” and air conditioners as “cool blasterz”
Q. How many short vowel sounds are there in English?
Ans. 7

(Linguistics MCQs Part 01)
Q. What are the seven short vowel sounds in English?
Ans. (æ) in cat, (e) in peg, (I) in pin, (ɒ) in hot, (ʌ) in hut, (Ʊ) in bull, (ǝ or schwa) in zebra
Q. How many long vowel sounds are there in English?
Ans. 5 (  /i:/ in heat, /ɑ:/ in dark  /ɔ:/ in horse /ɜ:/ in hurt /u:/ in room )

Q. Rise and fall of  voice in speaking is called?
Ans. Intonation
Q. A person who can speak only one language is called?
Ans. Mono-lingual
Q. A person who can speak two languages is called?
Ans. Bi-lingual
Q. A person who can speak more than two languages is called?
Ans. Multi-lingual

Q. The degree of force with which a syllable or a word is uttered, is called?
Ans. Stress e.g. in the word China, the syllable “CHI” is stressed and it’s written this way, CHIna
Q. What is Allophone?
Ans. It is the variants of the same phoneme. Example: The aspirated \p\ of ‘pin’ and the unaspirated \p\ of ‘spin’ are allophones of the phoneme \p\
(Aspirated is one which is pronounced with forceful expulsion of air. Therefore, “pin” is pronounced as “phin”)
Q. How many stress types are there?
Ans. Four
(Tonic stress, Emphatic stress, Contrastive stress, New information stress)
Q. How many nasal sounds are there in the English Language?
Ans. Three e.g. “m, n, ng”

Q. The /k/ in ‘kill’ and ‘skill’ are?
Ans. Allophones of the phoneme ‘k’
Q. The final consonants /s/, /z/ and /iz/ in the words ‘cats,’ ‘dogs,’ and ‘boxes’ are examples of?
Ans. Allophones

Q. The word ‘dog’ is……..?
Ans. A free morpheme.
(It is free because it can stand alone)
Q. Who has given the terms synchronic and diachronic?
Ans. Saussure gave in 1916

Q. Saussure gives priority to?
Ans. Synchronic approach over diachronic approach.
(Diachronic is historic approach to the study of language while synchronic is the contemporary approach)
Q. Who gave the concepts of langue and parole?
Ans. Saussure
Q. The set of all possible grammatical sentences in a language is called?
Ans. Langue
Q. The set of all utterances that have actually been produced in a language is called?
Ans. Parole
Q. What is synchrony?
Ans. It refers to the state of a language as it exists at any given time
Q. Who wrote, “Language may be defined as the expression of thought by means of speech sounds?”
Ans. Henry Sweet
Q. Science which studies the origin, organization, nature and development of language descriptively, historically, comparatively and explicitly and formulates the general rules related to language is called?
Ans. Linguistics
Q. What is Syntax?
Ans. The set of rules to form phrases, clauses OR sentences

Q. What is Phonology?
Ans. It is the study of sounds in a particular language
Q. Robert Hall recommends what three levels OR subdivisions of Linguistics?
Ans. Phonology, Morphology, Syntax
Q. According to the position of lips, vowels can be divided into?
Ans. Rounded vowels and unrounded vowels
Q. Define rounded vowel?
Ans. The production of a vowel with the lips rounded is called rounded vowel e.g. “o” in “note,” “oo” in “look,” the “u” sound in “rule” etc.
Q. Define unrounded vowel?
Ans. The unrounded vowels are letters that are produced with more relaxed lips
e.g. “I” in hit, “a” in cat etc.

Q. According to the part of the tongue that is raised, vowels can be divided into?
Ans. Front vowels and back vowels
Q. Define front vowels?
Ans. Front vowels are produced with the front of the tongue raised towards the hard palate e.g. “a” in “had,” the “e” in “bed,” and the “i” in “fit” are front vowels
Q. Define back vowels?
Ans. Any vowel sound produced in the back of the mouth e.g. “u” in “rule” and “o” in “pole”

Q. Chomsky was born in?
Ans. 1928
Q. Father of modern linguistics is?
Ans. Noam Chomsky

Q. Generative Grammar focuses primarily on the form of a sentence rather than its communicative competence?
Ans. True
Q. The hypothesis of………is that language is a system of the human mind?
Ans. Generative Grammar
Q. Chomsky developed Transformational Generative Grammar in?
Ans. 1950
Q. In Transformational Generative Grammar, the word “Generative” means?
Ans. To produce
Q. Who wrote the book Reflections on Language?
Ans. Noam Chomsky
Q. What do the two forward slashes represent?
Ans. Phonetic Transcription e.g. ‘clean’ is transcribed as /klin/

Q. The term Semiology was introduced by?
Ans. Ferdinand De Saussure
Q. Philology is a branch of linguistics?
Ans. False. It is the old name of Linguistics
Q. Which airstream mechanism is used for the pronunciation of the English language?
Ans. Pulmonic Egressive Airstream Mechanism
Q. What are Vocal Cords?
Ans. The part of our throat that vibrates when we speak

Q. Vocal cords are situated in?
Ans. Larynx
Q. What is larynx?
Ans. The area of the throat which contains the vocal cords and is used for breathing, swallowing and talking.  It is also called Voice Box

Q. The most flexible organ of speech is?
Ans. The tongue
Q. What is the scientific name of the soft palate?
Ans. The Velum

Q. Tip, blade, front, back and root are the parts of?
Ans. Tongue
(These names have been written in sequence here)
Q. What are the two types of articulators?
Ans. Active Articulators and passive articulators
Q. What are active articulators?
Ans. Articulators that move towards another articulator in the production of a speech sound are called active articulators e.g. lower lip, tongue tip, tongue blade, tongue front, tongue back, tongue root, vocal cords
Q. What are passive articulators?
Ans. Articulators that remain stationary in the production of a speech sound e.g. Upper lip, upper teeth, the roof of the mouth, and the rear wall
Q. The application of linguistic theory to real world problems is called?
Ans. Applied Linguistics
Q……….is concerned with rules for correct usage. It tells you how to speak correctly?
Ans. Prescriptive Grammar

Q. The ability to both send and receive messages is called?
Ans. Interchangeability
Q. Define Glossolalia?
Ans. Incomprehensible speech in an imaginary language, sometimes occurring in a trance state e.g. Oh, glaffobalbaness! The fliggit is fanging in the frubor, you knowsta!

Q. What is Stylistics?
Ans. It is concerned with the study of style in texts, especially literary works
Q. It is the study of the evolution of written scripts in a language?
Ans. Palaeography
Q. Who were the first to use the word “Grammar” in its modern sense?
Ans. Greeks
Q. Who described grammar as the art of writing?
Ans. Plato

Q. Bloomfield attributes the first great scientific linguistic work of the world to?
Ans. Jacob Grimm
Q. What is Accent?
Ans. The way in which people in a particular area or country pronounce words e.g. An American might pronounce the word, “hello,” by speaking the “h” sound. A British might pronounce the word, “hello,” without speaking the “h” sound “ello”
Q. What is Adjacency pair?
Ans. It is composed of two utterances by two speakers, one after the other. Second utterance is an answer to the first utterance e.g. “What’s your name?” “I’m James”

Q. What is Age-grading?
Ans. Age-grading occurs when individuals change their speech habits thoroughout their lifetimes e.g. old people don’t use “lol” in their conversation but adolescents use

Q. What is Acrolect?
Ans. It is the most prestigious variety of a particular language
Q. What is Code-mixing?
Ans. The use of more than one language or variety in conversation e.g.
Usny LIGHT ON nahii kee aor UNFORTUNATELY glass gira aor toot gaya
Q……….is the property that enables humans to think and talk about language itself?
Ans. Reflexivity
Q……….are based on the belief that the functions of language should be emphasized, not the forms of language?
Ans. Communicative approaches
(functions of language mean what language is used for, forms of language mean how language is written correctly)
Q. What is communicative competence?
Ans. The general ability to use language to communicate successfully
Q. Grammatical competence is the ability to use………accurately?
Ans. Grammar
Q. Concentration on……..only will not make an L2 learner able to make or explain L2 expressions?
Ans. Grammatical competence

Q. The unconscious knowledge of rules that every human possesses is called?
Ans. Linguistic competence
Q. What is sociolinguistic competence?
Ans. The ability to use language appropriately in society

Q…………could be either formal or informal?
Ans. Speech style

Q. A change from one speech style to another is called?
Ans. Style-shifting e.g. shifting from formal style to informal while talking to someone
Q. What is Slang?
Ans. It is an informal language. It consists of words that are not a part of standard vocabulary or language, and which are used informally e.g. You are so hungry that you are angry!
Q. Slang is also called?
Ans. Colloquial speech
Q. In diglossia, there is a……..variety. This variety is acquired locally and it is used for everyday affairs?
Ans. Low
Q. In diglossia, there is a……… variety. This variety is learned at school and it is used for important matters?
Ans. High

Q. Prescriptive approach was taken by a number of influenctial grammarians in……..?
Ans. 18th century England
Q. The central role of syntax within theoretical linguistics became clear only in the……….?
Ans. 20th century
Q. What is pragmatic competence?
Ans. The ability to understand another person’s intended meaning is called pragmatic competence
Q. Developmental Psycholinguistics studies children’s ability to learn language?
Ans. True
Q. What is the phonetic definition of vowel?
Ans. A sound produced with no constriction in the vocal tract

(Linguistics MCQs Part 01)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 03)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 04)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 05)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 06)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 07)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 08)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 09)

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