Linguistics MCQs Part 02 l Linguistics Quiz

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Here is Linguistics MCQs Part 02 for you!

Q. The study of “biology and the evolution of language” is called?
Ans. Biolinguistics
Q. The knowledge possessed by native users of a language which enables them to speak and understand their language fluently is called?
Ans. Competence
Q. Who argues that language is a unique evolutionary development of the human species?
Ans. Chomsky
Q. What is Phonetics?
Ans. It studies how humans produce and perceive (hear) sounds
Q. How many branches of Phonetics are there?
Ans. Three
(Articulatory phonetics, auditory phonetics, acoustic phonetics)
Q. The study of how speech sounds are made is called?
Ans. Articulatory Phonetics
Q………deals with the hearing of speech sounds via the ears?
Ans. Auditory Phonetics
Q. The combination of two vowel sounds is called?
Ans. Diphthongs e.g. /aɪ/ as in “Light”
Q. What is Diachronic Linguistics?
Ans. It studies the development of language through history
( Basically It studies how languages or words and grammar changed across time)
Q. What is Synchronic Linguistics?
Ans. It studies the use of language in a given community in a given time
(Basically It studies language variation from place to place and person to person)
Q. What is Comparative Linguistics?
Ans. It deals with comparing two or more languages. It may also deal with comparing one language spoken in different regions
Q. How many levels OR subsystems of Linguistics are there according to Hockett? Ans. Five
Q. What are the five levels OR subsystems of Linguistics according to Hockett?
Ans. The grammatical system, the phonological system, the morphemic system, the semantic system, the phonemic system
Q. The word linguistics has been derived from?
Ans. Latin
( “lingua” means tongue, “istics” means knowledge)

Q. Sociolinguistics deals with how language is used in…….?
Ans. Society
Q…………is the variety of language spoken by a particular group of people in a community?
Ans. Sociolect e.g. “We are friends” may be used as “We are partners”
Q……… a variety of language used by one individual speaker?
Ans. Idiolect e.g. a person may call sandwiches as “sammies” and air conditioners as “cool blasterz”
Q. How many short vowel sounds are there in English?
Ans. 7 (Linguistics MCQs Part 01)
Q. What are the seven short vowel sounds in English?
Ans. (æ) in cat, (e) in peg, (I) in pin, (ɒ) in hot, (ʌ) in hut, (Ʊ) in bull, (ǝ or schwa) in zebra
Q. How many long vowel sounds are there in English?
Ans. 5 (  /i:/ in heat, /ɑ:/ in dark  /ɔ:/ in horse /ɜ:/ in hurt /u:/ in room )
Q. Rise and fall of  voice in speaking is called?
Ans. Intonation
Q. A person who can speak only one language is called?
Ans. Mono-lingual
Q. A person who can speak two languages is called?
Ans. Bi-lingual
Q. A person who can speak more than two languages is called?
Ans. Multi-lingual
Q. The degree of force with which a syllable or a word is uttered, is called?
Ans. Stress e.g. in the word China, the syllable “CHI” is stressed and it’s written this way, CHIna
Q. What is Allophone?
Ans. It is the variants of the same phoneme. Example: The aspirated \p\ of ‘pin’ and the unaspirated \p\ of ‘spin’ are allophones of the phoneme \p\
(Aspirated is one which is pronounced with forceful expulsion of air. Therefore, “pin” is pronounced as “phin”)
Q. How many stress types are there?
Ans. Four
(Tonic stress, Emphatic stress, Contrastive stress, New information stress)
Q. How many nasal sounds are there in the English Language?
Ans. Three e.g. “m, n, ng”

Q. The /k/ in ‘kill’ and ‘skill’ are?
Ans. Allophones of the phoneme ‘k’
Q. The final consonants /s/, /z/ and /iz/ in the words ‘cats,’ ‘dogs,’ and ‘boxes’ are examples of?
Ans. Allophones
Q. The word ‘dog’ is……..?
Ans. A free morpheme.
(It is free because it can stand alone)
Q. Who has given the terms synchronic and diachronic?
Ans. Saussure gave in 1916
Q. Saussure gives priority to?
Ans. Synchronic approach over diachronic approach.
(Diachronic is historic approach to the study of language while synchronic is the contemporary approach)
Q. Who gave the concepts of langue and parole?
Ans. Saussure
Q. The set of all possible grammatical sentences in a language is called?
Ans. Langue
Q. The set of all utterances that have actually been produced in a language is called?
Ans. Parole
Q. What is synchrony?
Ans. It refers to the state of a language as it exists at any given time
Q. Who wrote, “Language may be defined as the expression of thought by means of speech sounds?”
Ans. Henry Sweet
Q. Science which studies the origin, organization, nature and development of language descriptively, historically, comparatively and explicitly and formulates the general rules related to language is called?
Ans. Linguistics
Q. What is Syntax?
Ans. The set of rules to form phrases,
clauses OR sentences
Q. What is Phonology?
Ans. It is the study of sounds in a particular language
Q. Robert Hall recommends what three levels OR subdivisions of Linguistics?
Ans. Phonology, Morphology, Syntax
Q. According to the position of lips, vowels can be divided into?
Ans. Rounded vowels and unrounded vowels
Q. Define rounded vowel?
Ans. The production of a vowel with the lips rounded is called rounded vowel e.g. “o” in “note,” “oo” in “look,” the “u” sound in “rule” etc.
Q. Define unrounded vowel?
Ans. The unrounded vowels are letters that are produced with more relaxed lips
e.g. “I” in hit, “a” in cat etc.

Q. According to the part of the tongue that is raised, vowels can be divided into?
Ans. Front vowels and back vowels
Q. Define front vowels?
Ans. Front vowels are produced with the front of the tongue raised towards the hard palate e.g. “a” in “had,” the “e” in “bed,” and the “i” in “fit” are front vowels
Q. Define back vowels?
Ans. Any vowel sound produced in the back of the mouth e.g. “u” in “rule” and “o” in “pole”
Q. Chomsky was born in?
Ans. 1928
Q. Father of modern linguistics is?
Ans. Noam Chomsky
Q. Generative Grammar focuses primarily on the form of a sentence rather than its communicative competence?
Ans. True
Q. The hypothesis of………is that language is a system of the human mind?
Ans. Generative Grammar
Q. Chomsky developed Transformational Generative Grammar in?
Ans. 1950
Q. In Transformational Generative Grammar, the word “Generative” means?
Ans. To produce
Q. Who wrote the book Reflections on Language?
Ans. Noam Chomsky
Q. What do the two forward slashes represent?
Ans. Phonetic Transcription e.g. ‘clean’ is transcribed as /klin/
Q. The term Semiology was introduced by? Ans. Ferdinand De Saussure
Q. Philology is a branch of linguistics?
Ans. False. It is the old name of Linguistics
Q. Which airstream mechanism is used for the pronunciation of the English language?
Ans. Pulmonic Egressive Airstream Mechanism
Q. What are Vocal Cords?
Ans. The part of our throat that vibrates when we speak
Q. Vocal cords are situated in?
Ans. Larynx
Q. What is larynx?
Ans. The area of the throat which contains the vocal cords and is used for breathing, swallowing and talking.  It is also called Voice Box

Q. The most flexible organ of speech is?
Ans. The tongue
Q. What is the scientific name of the soft palate?
Ans. The Velum
Q. Tip, blade, front, back and root are the parts of?
Ans. Tongue
(These names have been written in sequence here)
Q. What are the two types of articulators?
Ans. Active Articulators and passive articulators
Q. What are active articulators?
Ans. Articulators that move towards another articulator in the production of a speech sound are called active articulators e.g. lower lip, tongue tip, tongue blade, tongue front, tongue back, tongue root, vocal cords
Q. What are passive articulators?
Ans. Articulators that remain stationary in the production of a speech sound e.g. Upper lip, upper teeth, the roof of the mouth, and the rear wall
Q. The application of linguistic theory to real world problems is called?
Ans. Applied Linguistics
Q……….is concerned with rules for correct usage. It tells you how to speak correctly?
Ans. Prescriptive Grammar
Q. The ability to both send and receive messages is called?
Ans. Interchangeability
Q. Define Glossolalia?
Ans. Incomprehensible speech in an imaginary language, sometimes occurring in a trance state e.g. Oh, glaffobalbaness! The fliggit is fanging in the frubor, you knowsta!
Q. What is Stylistics?
Ans. It is concerned with the study of style in texts, especially literary works
Q. It is the study of the evolution of written scripts in a language?
Ans. Palaeography
Q. Who were the first to use the word “Grammar” in its modern sense?
Ans. Greeks
Q. Who described grammar as the art of writing?
Ans. Plato

Q. Bloomfield attributes the first great scientific linguistic work of the world to?
Ans. Jacob Grimm
Q. What is Accent?
Ans. The way in which people in a particular area or country pronounce words e.g. An American might pronounce the word, “hello,” by speaking the “h” sound. A British might pronounce the word, “hello,” without speaking the “h” sound “ello”
Q. What is Adjacency pair?
Ans. It is composed of two utterances by two speakers, one after the other. Second utterance is an answer to the first utterance e.g. “What’s your name?” “I’m James”
Q. What is Age-grading?
Ans. Age-grading occurs when individuals change their speech habits thoroughout their lifetimes e.g. old people don’t use “lol” in their conversation but adolescents use
Q. What is Acrolect?
Ans. It is the most prestigious variety of a particular language
Q. What is Code-mixing?
Ans. The use of more than one language or variety in conversation e.g.
Usny LIGHT ON nahii kee aor UNFORTUNATELY glass gira aor toot gaya
Q……….is the property that enables humans to think and talk about language itself?
Ans. Reflexivity
Q……….are based on the belief that the functions of language should be emphasized, not the forms of language?
Ans. Communicative approaches
(functions of language mean what language is used for, forms of language mean how language is written correctly)
Q. What is communicative competence?
Ans. The general ability to use language to communicate successfully
Q. Grammatical competence is the ability to use………accurately?
Ans. Grammar
Q. Concentration on……..only will not make an L2 learner able to make or explain L2 expressions?
Ans. Grammatical competence
Q. The unconscious knowledge of rules that every human possesses is called?
Ans. Linguistic competence
Q. What is sociolinguistic competence?
Ans. The ability to use language appropriately in society

Q…………could be either formal or informal?
Ans. Speech style
Q. A change from one speech style to another is called?
Ans. Style-shifting e.g. shifting from formal style to informal while talking to someone
Q. What is Slang?
Ans. It is an informal language. It consists of words that are not a part of standard vocabulary or language, and which are used informally e.g. You are so hungry that you are angry!
Q. Slang is also called?
Ans. Colloquial speech
Q. In diglossia, there is a……..variety. This variety is acquired locally and it is used for everyday affairs?
Ans. Low
Q. In diglossia, there is a……… variety. This variety is learned at school and it is used for important matters?
Ans. High
Q. Prescriptive approach was taken by a number of influenctial grammarians in……..?
Ans. 18th century England
Q. The central role of syntax within theoretical linguistics became clear only in the……….?
Ans. 20th century
Q. What is pragmatic competence?
Ans. The ability to understand another person’s intended meaning is called pragmatic competence
Q. Developmental Psycholinguistics studies children’s ability to learn language?
Ans. True
Q. What is the phonetic definition of vowel?
Ans. A sound produced with no constriction in the vocal tract
Q. What is the phonological definition of vowel?
Ans. A sound that forms a syllable
Q. What is Semantics?
Ans. It is the study of the relationship between words and how we draw meaning from those words
Q. Generally, what three components make up a system of a typical language?
Ans. Phonology, Syntax and Semantics
Q. How many morphemes does the word “antiestablishmentarianism” have?
Ans. Seven. anti/dis/establish/ment/ari/an/ism
Q. The letter “X” in the word “box” is represented phonetically as?
Ans. [ks]
Q. The letter “q” in word “Quiet” is represented phonetically as?
Ans. [kw]
Q. What are the main linguistic levels?
Ans. Phonology, Morphology, Syntax and Semantics

Q. How many phonemes for English have been set up by Trager and Smith?
Ans. Forty five
(Generally, it is said there are 44 phonemes)
Q. Leader of The Prague School of Linguistics was?
Ans. Roman Jakobson
Q. What were the main interests of
The Prague School of Linguistics?
Ans. Phonology, Stylistics and Historical Linguistics
Q. What are the theories of Psycholinguistics?
Ans. Language acquisition ; language comprehension
Q. What is Pragmatics?
Ans. It studies how context affects meaning in human language
Q. Pragmatics is used for?
Ans. Cross-cultural communication
(cross-cultural communication means conversion among people with different cultural backgrounds)
Q. The letter “c” in the word “Cinema” is represented phonetically as?
Ans. [s]
Q. What is Discourse Analysis?
Ans. It is a research method for studying written or spoken language in relation to its social context
Q. How many subfields of linguistics are there?
Ans. Seven
Q. What are the seven subfields of linguistics?
Ans. Phonetics, Phonology, Morphology, Syntax, Semantics, Pragmatics, Discourse Analysis
Q. The word “Vowel” comes from the Latin word “Vocalis” which means….?
Ans. Speaking
Q. What makes an adjacency pair in conversation analysis?
Ans. Two linked phrases of conversation e.g. “Where were you?”  “I was at college”
Q. What is Lateral Plosion?
Ans. Lateral plosion occurs when the air pressure is released through the sides of the tongue e.g. [-dl] sound in “middle” and [-tl] in “little”
Q. What is Nasal Plosion?
Ans. When the soft palate is lowered so that air escapes through the nose, as at the end of the word “hidden”

Q. What is close vowel?
Ans. Vowel sound which is made with a fully raised tongue e.g. pronounce the words “See” and “Too”
Q. Close vowel is also called?
Ans. High vowel
Q. What is open vowel?
Ans. Vowel sound which is produced with a fully lowered tongue e.g. Pronounce the words “Arm” and “Got”
Q. Open vowel is also called?
Ans. Low vowel
Q. The classification of vowels into close vowels and open vowels is based on?
Ans. The height to which the tongue is raised
Q. Who was the leader of
London School of Linguistics?
Ans. J R Firth
Q. Who was the leader of the
Linguistic Circle of Copenhagen?
Ans. Louis Hjelmslev
Q. The classification of vowels into front vowels and back vowels is based on?
Ans. The height to which the tongue is raised
Q. What is tense vowel?
Ans. Vowel sounds which are produced with greater muscular effort e.g. the sound (ē) in “keen”
(these vowels are also called long vowels)
Q. What is lax vowel?
Ans. Vowel sounds which are produced with less muscular effort e.g. the “i” in “bit” and the “e” in “bet”
(these vowels are also called short vowels)
Q. On the basis of the state of tension of the tongue, vowels can be classified into?
Ans. Tense vowels & lax vowels
Q. What is fricative sound?
Ans. A consonant sound that is made by forcing air through a narrow space
Q. /f/ and /v/ are………sounds?
Ans. Fricative
Q. By the sixth month, a baby can produce nasal and fricative sounds. This stage is called?
Ans. Babbling
Q. Traditional method of learning a language is called?
Ans. Grammar Translation Method
Q. What is Acoustic phonetics?
Ans. It is the study of the physical properties of speech sounds e.g. frequency, amplitude, pitch, etc.
(Basically Acoustic phonetics is the study of sound waves produced by humans while talking)
Q. The use of the verb google in the phrase ‘google it’ is an instance of?
Ans. Case formation via conversion
(noun google has been used as a verb)

Q. What is inflection?
Ans. When items are added to the base form of a word to express grammatical meanings, it is called inflection e.g. it may indicate plural as “cat” becomes “cats” ; it may indicate possessive case as girl becomes girl’s
Q. English has no inflections for
grammatical use?
Ans. False. English has inflections
Q. How many inflections or inflectional morphemes are there in. English language? Ans. 8 (Image follows)
Q. The bound morpheme ‘er’ acts as a/an…….morpheme in the word “Quieter”?
Ans. Inflectional
Q. In the vocal tract, speech starts with?
Ans. Lungs
Q. Larynx is also called?
Ans. Voice Box
Q. What is trachea?
Ans. The tube that carries air from our throat to our lungs
Q. Trachea is also called?
Ans. Windpipe
Q. Where is Larynx located?
Ans. Between Pharynx and Trachea
Q. What is pharynx?
Ans. The pharynx is a five-inch long tube that starts near our nose and ends at our windpipe
Q. Define voiced sound?
Ans. A sound which is produced with the vibration of the vocal cords.
Q. Give some examples of voiced  sounds?
Ans. b, d, g, v, z, r
Q. Define unvoiced sound?
Q. A sound which is produced without the vibration of the vocal cords
Q. Give some examples of unvoiced sounds?
Ans. h, t, s, p, k, l, f
Q. Sound produced with upper teeth touching the lower lip are called?
Ans. Labiodental e.g. ‘f’, ‘v’
Q. What is juncture?
Ans. It refers to pauses in speech that distinguish words from other words. e.g. “a name” and “an aim” ; “that stuff”  and “that’s tough”
Q. Secondary phonemes are also called? Ans. Suprasegmentals
(stress, pitch, intonation)

Q. Define syllabic consonant?
Ans. A Syllabic Consonant is a consonant that replaces the vowel [ə] in a syllable e.g. the “m” in the word rhythm
Q. The consonants /y/ and /w/ are called?
Ans. Semi-vowels
(You may see “j” in semi vowels somewhere else, but “j” is actually the sound that “y” makes)
Q. Define semi-vowel?
Ans. It is called semi-vowel because sometimes it works as a vowel and sometimes it works as a consonant e.g. the “w” and “y” in “wet” and “yet” are pronounced like consonants, but the “w” and “y” in “cow” and “coy” are pronounced like vowels.
Q. Semi-vowels are also called?
Ans. Semi-consonants
Q. Who were the leaders of American Structural Linguistics?
Ans. Bloomfield and Edward Sapir
Q. Who was the leader of Transformational Generative School?
Ans. Noam Chomsky
Q. What is Trill?
Ans.The rapid vibration of one speech organ against another
(as of the tip of the tongue against the teethridge)
Q. What is “zh” sound in English?
Ans. It is the sound of “s” e.g in the word “pleasure”
Q. Define Sibilant?
Ans. A consonant sound in which the tip or blade of the tongue is brought near the roof of the mouth and air is pushed past the tongue to make a hissing sound
Q. What are sibilants in English?
Ans. “s” sound in “sip,” z sound in “zip,” “sh” sound in “ship,” and “zh” sound which is the sound of “s” as in “treasure”
Q. What is falling intonation?
Ans. Falling Intonation means that the pitch of voice falls at the end of the sentence e.g. ‘that’s wonderful’. Here “that’s” is pronounced louder than wonderful
Q. Which type of intonation is used in commands?
Ans. The falling intonation
Q. What is rising intonation?
Ans. It means that the pitch of voice rises at the end of a sentence e.g. “Would you like a cup of tea?”
Q. Which type of intonation is used in polite requests?
Ans. The rising e.g. “Would you mind……….”
Q. Which type of intonation is used in listing the items?
Ans. The rising e.g. I bought apples, mangoes, bananas,……..
Q. Which type of intonation is used in ordinary statements?
Ans. The falling

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