Linguistics MCQs Part 03 l Linguistics Quiz l 1000 Multiple Choice Questions

Here is Linguistics MCQs Part 03 for you!
(Linguistics MCQs Part 01)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 02)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 04)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 05)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 06)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 07)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 08)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 09)

Q. The ‘s’ in the verb of the sentence
“She sings well” is…..?
Ans. Morpheme signaling third person singular
(verb is “sing” here)
Q. The ‘or’ in actor is…….?
Ans. Noun-forming morpheme.
(mostly “or” forms nouns e.g. direct becomes director, invent becomes inventor etc.)
Q. /m/ is…….?
Ans. Bilabial-nasal consonant
(means it is both bilabial and nasal)
Q. How many types of phonetic transcriptions are generally followed?
Ans. Two

(phonetic transcription and phonemic transcription)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 02)
Q. What is the difference between phonetic transcription and phonemic transcription?
Ans. Phonetic transcription uses square brackets for symbols e.g. [T] while phonemic transcription uses forward slashes for symbols e.g. /t/
Q. The preceding sound (coming before) influencing the following sound
(coming after) is an instance of?
Ans. Progressive assimilation
e.g. “ten bucks” is pronounced “tembucks” by native speakers. It is also known as left to right assimilation

Q. What is regressive assimilation?
Ans. In it the following sound has an effect on the preceding sound e.g. pronouncing “have” in “have to” as [haf]
Q. The special features in our talks such as stress, pitch and intonation are called?
Ans. Supra-segmental phonemes OR secondary phonemes OR prosodic features
Q. What is palato-alveolar sound?
Ans. Sounds which are produced with the tongue raised towards the hard palate and the tip of the tongue against the alveolar ridge
(Alveolar ridge is the hard area behind your top front teeth)
Q. The initial sounds in the words ‘ship’ ‘church’ and ‘judge’ are examples of?
Ans. Palato-alveolar

Q. What is post-alveolar sound?
Ans. These sounds are made with the tongue positioned slightly behind the alveolar ridge. Same examples as those of palato-alveolar e.g. “sh” in ship ; “ch” in church
Q. Sounds articulated by raising the front of the tongue towards the hard palate are called?
Ans. Palatal
Q. How many palatal sounds are there in English?
Ans. There is only one palatal consonant [j] in English which is the sound for “y” in the English word “yes”

Q. Sounds articulated by the tip of the tongue placed against the upper teeth are called?
Ans. Dental
(There are two dental consonants in English, /θ/ and /ð/, the first one is for the “th” in “thing” and the second one is for the “th” in that)
Q. What is Triphthong?
Ans. Three written vowel characters representing the sound of a single vowel as ‘eau’ in “beautiful”
Q. What is Reduplication?
Ans. Reduplication refers to words formed through repetition of sounds.
e.g. okey-dokey, film-flam, and pitter-patter and Urdu example khaana shaana

Q. The classification of vowels into tense vowels and lax vowels is based on?
Ans. The state of the tension of the tongue
Q. Plosives are also called?
Ans. Stops
(These sounds are made when airflow is completely stopped e.g. p, t, k etc.)
Q. The “ish” in the word ‘childish’ is?
Ans. An adjective-forming morpheme
Q. What is Case?
Ans. Case is the grammatical function of a noun or pronoun. There are only three cases in modern English, they are subjective (he), objective (him) and possessive (his)

Q. A language variety with non-standard usage and pronunciation that’s only heard in one area is called?
Ans. A local dialect
Q. What is the term used for the relationship which exists between languages that are members of the same language family?
Ans. Genetic relationship
Q. Which language has a structure that serves the purpose of a definite article?
Ans. Swedish
(it means that Swedish language also has a word for definite article as we have “the” in English)
Q. The study of dialects is called?
Ans. Dialectology
Q. In dialectology, what is the line on a map called which divides areas with different spelling of a word, pronunciation or meaning?
Ans. Isoglass
Q. What is lexeme?
Ans. Lexeme is the basic or dictionary form of a word. Each inflected form of a lexeme is called a word-form e.g. “sing, sang, sung, singing, sings” are each a word-form and each one belongs to the lexeme SING

Q. Which is the most common syllable shape in world’s languages?
Ans. CV (consonant followed by vowel)

Q. To make a nasal sound, what do we do?
Ans. We lower the velum
Q. The  way a speaker uses language differently in different circumstances is called….?
Ans. Register
(Your words, tone and body language are different when talking to a friend, and different in a job interview)
Q. Language which may be situational as in church and occupational as among lawyers is called……?
Ans. Register
Q. As per Chomsky deep structure refers to concepts, thoughts, ideas & feelings whereas surface structure refers to the words or language we use to represent the deep structure?
Ans. True
Q. Deep structure is what you wish to express and surface structure is how you express it with the help of words and sentence?
Ans. True
Q. What is dialect?
Ans. A variety of a language that is distinguished from other varieties of the same language in pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary

Q. The changing of the form of a verb in order to reflect person, number, tense and mood is called?
Ans. Conjugation. We have to conjugate verbs because the basic forms e.g. “to play” don’t express what we want to express

Q. What is Neurolinguistics?
Ans. It deals with the relationship between language and the structure and functioning of the brain          
Q. Neurolinguistics is closely related
to the field of…….?
Ans. Psycholinguistics

Q. What is Aphasia?
Ans. It is a disorder that results from damage to areas of the brain that produce and process language. A person with aphasia can have trouble speaking, reading, writing, and understanding language
Q. Which terms did Chomsky introduce in 1965?
Ans. Acceptable/unacceptable
Q. L and t are called?
Ans. Liquid consonants.
(It is a consonant sound in which the tongue produces a partial closure in the mouth resulting in vowel-like consonant)
Q. In linguistics, the term used for incomplete closure is called?
Ans. Fricative
Q. The sound of the word ”of” is?
Ans. Fricative

Q. The k in kill and skill are?
Ans. Allophones of the phoneme “k”
Q. The initial “L” and the final “L” in the word ‘little’ are examples of?
Ans. Allophones of the phoneme “L”
Q. Dialect boundary is known as?
Ans. Isoglass
Q. Working class and aristocracy are examples of?
Ans. Class dialect
Q……deals with a set of grammar rules and focuses on the teaching of grammar rules?
Ans. Prescriptive approach

Q. According to what, how language is used is important rather than how language should be used?
Ans. Descriptive approach
Q. Words that cannot be fully understood without the physical context of the speaker are called?
Ans. Dixies e.g. If someone says, I broke this finger. You have to look at the finger or else you will not not know which finger is broken
Q. Conventional knowledge which exists in memory is called?
Ans. Schema e.g. your schema for your friend might include information about her appearance, her behavior, her personality and her preferences

Q. What is Affix?
Ans. An affix is a set of letters added to the beginning or end of a root word to modify its meaning e.g. in the word “untouchable,” “un” and “able” are affixes
Q. All affixes in English are?
Ans. Bound morphemes
Q. The word to which affixes are attached is technically known as?
Ans. Stem or root word e.g. “touch” is the root word in “untouchable”
Q. The personal dialect of each individual speaker of a language is called?
Ans. Idiolect
Q. Technical vocabulary associated with a particular group or field is called?
Ans. Jargon
Q. Give two examples of jargon?
Ans. (1) I need a script in order to pick up the medicine. [medical jargon for prescription]

I need a nurse to room 12 stat.
[medical jargon for “in a hurry”]
Q. Who is the originator of structuralism?
Ans. Saussure

Q. What is Structuralism?
Ans. A way of studying human culture, for example language, literature, art, or anthropology, that emphasizes the importance of its basic structures and the relationships between its parts
(basic structures mean the overall system)

Q. What is Recursion?
Ans. It is the repetition of something. It might be the repetition of words or grammar rules
Q. Give two examples of repetition?
Ans. “I am very tired” can be written as “I am very very tired” ; Ahmad and Ali and Jawad and Adnan and Talha and Zakir and Hina and Abida were in school
(here recursion of coordinating conjunction could be seen)
Q. The study of_______ looks at all the ways particular words and phrases are being used?
Ans. Usage
Q. As components of a sign, both signifier and signified are?
Ans. Psychological
Q. Chomsky’s concept of competence is?
Ans. Biological
Q. In linguistics, complete closure followed by a sudden release of air is called?
Ans. Plosive or Stop e.g. “p, t and k”
Q. The term used in phonology to describe what happens when the distinction between two phonemes is lost in particular environment?
Ans. Neutralization e.g. in “ladder” and “later”
Q. The number of monophthongs in English is?
Ans. 12. A monophthong is where there is one vowel sound in a syllable e.g. “o” in “Hop”

Q. The number of diphthongs in English is?
Ans. Eight
(A diphthong is where there are two vowel sounds in a syllable e.g. “ea” in “fear”

Q. “c, t, and d” are…….?
Ans. Alveolar sounds
(Alveolar sounds are articulated with the tongue against or close to the alveolar ridge)
Q. There are _______main articulators?
Ans. 8
(articulators are organs that help us to pronounce words)

Q. What are the eight main articulators?
Ans.  Tongue, both lips, upper teeth, upper gum, hard palate, soft palate, uvulva and glottis
Q. Displacement, Creativity, Discreteness, Arbitrariness, Duality and Cultural Transmission are the six…….?
Ans. Properties of language
Q. Associative meaning?
Ans. The type of meaning that people connect with words e.g. the word needle may be  associated with “pain, illness, blood, drugs or knitting”
Q. Conceptual meaning is also called?
Ans. Denotative meaning which means dictionary meaning
Q. Associative meaning is also called?
Ans. Connotative meaning which means what the words actually connote in different situations

Q. What is Coinage?
Ans. The invention of new words e.g. “xerox”
Q. The most typical sources of Coinage are?
Ans. Commercial products that become general terms e.g. aspirin, nylon, zipper
Q. The most salient contemporary example of Coinage is?
Ans. The word “Google” which is originally a misspelling for the word “googol”

Q. What is meant by Semantic Features in Semantics?
Ans. Semantic features are basic elements used in the analysis of words e.g. the semantic features of a horse will be +animate, -human, -female, +adult
(plus means the feature is present, minus means the feature is missing)
Q. Give an example of a semantically incorrect sentence?
Ans. “The dog is reading the newspaper.” This sentence is structurally correct but semantically incorrect
Q. What is Semantic Role?
Ans. The part played by a noun phrase, such as the subject, in a sentence is called semantic role
Q. Semantic Roles are also called?
Ans. Thematic Roles
Q. What is Morph?
Ans. Morph is the other name of morpheme e.g. the word “cats” consists of two morphemes “cat” and “-s”. “cat”is lexical morpheme and “-s” is inflectional morpheme

Q. Morphology plays an important role in?
Ans. Theories of the acquisition of language and in theories of language change
Q. Our morphological knowledge has what two components?
Ans. Knowledge of the individual morphemes AND knowledge of the rules that combine them
Q. How many common semantic roles are there?
Ans. 7
Q. What is the first semantic role which is called Agent OR Doer?
Ans. Agent is the doer of an action e.g. ‘Ahmad’ in the sentence, “Ahmad called me.”
Q. What is the second semantic role which is called Patient OR Theme?
Ans. It refers to what is acted upon by the Agent e.g. ‘boat’ in the sentence, “John steered the boat.”

Q. What is the third semantic role which is called Recipient OR Receiver?
Ans. It indicates a receiver in a situation e.g. ‘Ali’ in the sentence, “The children sent Ali a postcard.”
Q. What is the fourth semantic role which is called Instrument?
Ans. It identifies the thing that is used to perform an action e.g. ‘Razor’ in the sentence, “The boy cut the rope with a razor.”
Q. What is the fifth semantic role which is called Experimenter?
Ans. It is the entity that has the feeling e.g. ‘The Boy’ in the sentence, “The Boy feels bad.”

Q. What is the sixth semantic role which is called Source?
Ans. It identifies the place from which living beings move OR from which things are moved e.g. ‘The House’ in the sentence, “The Boy ran from the house.”
Q. What is the seventh semantic role which is called Goal?
Ans. It identifies where living beings move to OR where things are moved to e.g. the window in the sentence, “The boy walked to the window.”

Q. Does a semantic role change in passive voice?
Ans. No, because nothing changes in the real world e.g. “John steered the boat” becomes “The boat was steered by John.” Still John is the Agent/doer
Q. The ng sound in “sing, sang” is called?
Ans. Angma
Q. What is Glottis?
Ans. The space between the vocal cords
Q. What are Glottal sounds?
Ans. A speech sound produced in the space between the vocal cords e.g. “H” in “hat”

(Linguistics MCQs Part 01)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 02)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 04)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 05)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 06)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 07)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 08)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 09)

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