Linguistics MCQs Part 04 l Linguistics Quiz l 1000 Multiple Choice Questions

Here is Linguistics MCQs Part 04 for you!
(Linguistics MCQs Part 01)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 02)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 03)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 05)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 06)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 07)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 08)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 09)

Q. Nasal sounds in English are represented by a small mark called?
Ans. Tilde e.g. [ṽ] the mark above “v” here
Q. Why can’t a scholar cover all specializations of contemporary Linguistics?
Ans. Because it is a richly diversified field
Q. What continues to have a strong impact on modern linguistics?
Ans. Generative Grammar by Noam Chomsky
Q. How many languages are spoken throughout the world?
Ans. Almost 7000
Q. Auditory Phonetics is also called?
Ans. Perceptual phonetics
(it is the study of how we perceive/hear sounds)
Q. What is vernacular?
Ans. The language of ordinary speech rather than formal writing
Q. The primary function of human
language is?
Ans. Communication

Q. What is language according to Chomsky?
Ans. It is a system represented in the
mind/brain of a particular individual
Q. What is Formal Linguistics?
Ans. It focuses on the technical aspects of language such as phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics and pragmatics

Q. What is Functional Linguistics?
Ans. It is focused on language in use by the people
Q. Bound Morphemes fall into?
Ans. Two categories namely derivational and inflectional
Q. What is Derivational morpheme?
Ans. Morphemes that make words of different grammatical category from the stem e.g. derivational morpheme ‘ness’ changes the adjective “good” to the noun “goodness”
Q. What is inflectional morpheme?
Ans. Inflectional morphemes are used to show if a word is plural or singular, if it is past tense or not, and if it is comparative or possessive form
Q. English has how many inflectional morphemes?
Ans. Only eight. -‘s for possession and
-s or -es for plural; for verb -s, -ing, -ed, -en; for adjective -er and -est

Q. The main difference between inflectional and derivational morphemes is?
Ans. Inflectional morpheme doesn’t change the category of a word while derivational morpheme changes the category
Q………allow the grammatical inflection of words and are used to change the syntactic class of words?
Ans. Morphemes
(syntactic class means category of words e.g. noun to adjective)

Q. “Allow” and “kick” are examples of which type of morpheme?
Ans. Free morpheme
Q. A structuralist stresses speech and thereby lays importance on?
Ans. Phonology
Q. Who said, “Words are like bottles that contain ideas as bottles contain medicines?”
Ans. H. Dippie

Q. Those words which are actively used by us are known as?
Ans. Active vocabulary
Q. How are speech sounds produced?
Ans. When the air is pushed out by the lungs up through the windpipe to the larynx

Q. Inside the larynx are?
Ans. Vocal cords
Q. How many basic positions do
vocal cords take?
Ans. Two e.g. the production of voiced sounds and the production of voiceless sounds
Q. During the articulation of a speech sound, when vocal cords are spread apart and there is no vibration?
Ans. Then that speech sound is called voiceless sound e.g. k, p, s, etc.
Q. During the articulation of a speech sound, when vocal cords are drawn together and there is vibration?
Ans. Then that speech sound is called voiced sound e.g. b, D, g, z etc.
Q. What is the trick to know if a speech sound is voiceless or voiced?
Ans. Put a finger in each ear, produce Z sound, you’ll hear vibration, it’s voiced. Similarly produce S sound which is voiceless because of no vibration
Q. What is Eponym?
Ans. New words based on the name of a person or place are called Eponyms e.g. the word “jeans” from the Italian city “Genoa” where this type of cloth was first made
Q. What is Backformation?
Ans. The process of reducing a word such as a noun to a shorter version and using it as a new word such as a verb e.g. “babysit” from “babysitter”

Q. What is Borrowing?
Ans. The process of taking of words from other languages. As English has taken words from many languages

Q. What is a Flap?
Ans. If you pronounce the word ‘butter’ in a way that is close to the word ‘budder’, then you are making a flap
Q. How is a Flap produced?
Ans. It is a sound produced with the tongue tip briefly touching the alveolar ridge

Q. How many categories of sounds are there?
Ans. Three. Phones, Phonemes and Allophones
Q. What are phones OR sounds?
Ans. Phones are general human sounds irrespective of their place in the sound system of a language
Q. Phonology is based on the theory that?
Ans. Every speaker of a language unconsciously knows about the sound systems/patterns of that language
Q. Phonology is about?
Ans. The general sounds i.e. when we think of the ‘t’ sound in the words “tar, star, writer” as being the same, we actually mean that phonologically, although phonetically they are different

Q. What is Compounding?
Ans. The process of combining two or more words to form a new word e.g. bookcases, textbook, fingerprint
Q. What is Blending?
Ans. The process of combining the beginning of one word and the end of another word to form a new word e.g. “brunch” from “breakfast” and “lunch” ; “smog” from “smoke” and “fog”
Q. What is clipping?
Ans. The process of reducing a word of more than one syllable to a shorter form e.g. ‘ad’ from “advertisement” and ‘flu’ from “influenza”

Q. What is used to indicate phoneme in abstract?
Ans. Slash marks e.g. /t/, /k/

Q. What is used to indicate each physically produced sound also called stops or plosives?
Ans. Square brackets as in [t], [k]
Q. An essential property of phoneme is that?
Ans. It functions contrastively e.g. the phonemes /f/ and /v/ in fat and vat. Meaning changes if we substitute f or v
Q. In phonology what do we use in charts for an existing feature or missing feature?
Ans. + sign for existing feature and – sign for missing featurere e.g. +voice for voiced sounds and -voice for voiceless

Q. What is Hypocorism?
Ans. A process in which a longer word is reduced to a shorter form with y or ie at the end e.g. “movie” from “moving pictures” and ‘telly’ from “television”
Q. What is Conversion?
Ans. The process of changing the function of a word, such as a noun to a verb e.g. the noun “vacation” as a verb in
“they are vacationing in Lahore”

Q. What are Acronyms?
Ans. Acronyms are new words formed from the initial letters of a set of other words e.g. NASA from National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Q. What are aspirated speech sounds?
Ans. Aspirated sounds are pronounced with a forceful expulsion of air e.g. p, t and k in pat, top and keel
Q. What is consonant cluster?
Ans. Two or more consonants in sequence is called Consonant Cluster e.g. st in stop
Q. What is Affix?
Ans. A bound morpheme such as un- or ed- added to a word e.g. undressed
Q. What is Derivation?
Ans. The process of forming new words by adding affixes e.g. “unhappy” from “happy” and “misrepresent” from “represent”

Q. What is deixis?
Ans. A deictic expression or deixis
is a word or phrase
(such as this, that, these, those, now, then, here) that points to the time, place, or situation in which a speaker is speaking
Q. How many main types of deixes are there?
Ans. Three. Personal deixis e.g. personal pronouns; spacial deixis e.g. this, that, here, there; temporal deixis e.g. now, then, yesterday, tomorrow

Q. What is jargon?
Ans. It is special technical vocabulary
Q. What helps to create and maintain relations among those who see themselves as insiders and to exclude outsiders?
Ans. Jargon
Q. What is more typically used among those who are outside established higher-status groups?
Ans. Slang

(Linguistics MCQs Part 03)
Q. What is Co-articulation?
Ans. In spoken language, the process of making one sound almost at the same time as the next sound is called Co-articulation
Q. What are the two well-known co-articulation effects?
Ans. Assimilation and Elision

Q. What is Assimilation?
Ans. The process by which one sound becomes more like a nearby sound e.g. Handbag is pronounced as hanbag
Q. What is Elision?
Ans. Elision is the omission of sounds in speech e.g. we pronounce the phrase ‘he must be’ as ‘he mus be’
Q. The term used for the study of the relationship between language and society is?
Ans. Sociolinguistics

Q. What is pidgin?
Ans. A language formed from a mixture of several languages which is used by speakers of different languages who don’t know each other’s languages

Q. Pidgin is actually?
Ans. A contact language which would have no native speakers
Q. What is creole?
Ans. When a pidgin develops beyond its role as a contact language and becomes the first language of a social community, it is called Creole
Q. What is pattern practice?
Ans. It is a technique in which students repeat a sentence. They either change words e.g. “verb” or they change a statement to a question etc.

Q. Communicative approaches are a reaction against the artificiality of?
Ans. Pattern practice
Q. Grammar Translation Method makes use of pattern practice?
Ans. True
Q. Lists of vocabulary and sets of grammar are focused in?
Ans. Grammar Translation Method
Q. What is syntagmatic relationship?
Ans. The words in a sentence form a horizontal relationship that creates meaning. If you change the order of words in a sentence it can change the meaning e.g. “John ate an octopus” becomes “An octopus ate John” This relationship is horizontal. This means that changes take place horizontally (A sentence is horizontal like a row)
Q. What is paradigmatic relationship?
Ans. In paradigmatic relationship, words of the same class are interchangeable in the same place in a sentence e.g. “John ate an octopus” becomes “John ate an apple”
(here a noun is replaced by another noun) Paradigmatic relationship is vertical. This means that changes take place in a sentence vertically. Words in a sentence are vertical like cloumns. Every word in a sentence is kinda column
Q. A very important reason for regarding English as a world language is that?
Ans. World’s knowledge is enshrined in English

Q. Who has made a distinction between English as a foreign language and English as a second language?
Ans. Albert H. Marckwardt
Q. Who did state that English is the means of communication between the East and the West Pakistan?
Ans. Ayub Khan
Q. English has been the language of the academics in the sub-continent since?
Ans. 19th century
Q. Which languages of the sub-continent were replaced by English with the British Conquest?
Ans. Arabic, Persian, Sanskrit
Q. A growing number of people are studying Linguistics in order to?
Ans. Describe and document their own languages
Q. Why do linguists feel the need of the description of languages?
Ans. Because many of the world’s languages are endangered

Q. Linguistics has been applied to a vast range of practical concerns?
Ans. True
Q. The role of Linguistics in Computational field is?
Ans. Recognition of speech, automatic parsing of texts, building large collection of texts

Q. How are linguists helpful in the legal domain?
Ans. Linguists are called for help in legal domain to identify speaker from voice recording
Q. The importance of English in the academic set-up is apparent from the fact that?
Ans. English is compulsory at the graduate level

Q. In learning a new language, what is chief problem after the mastery of sound system?
Ans. Learning vocabulary
Q. Limitations of Direct Method are?
Ans. Neglect of the reading and writing skills. It ignores the study of Grammar
Q. Why are the Direct Method and Grammar Translation Method important in spite of their limitations?
Ans. Because of primacy of speech and habit formation
Q. Language is primarily a spoken thing and therefore our approach to a foreign language should be?
Ans. Its spoken form
Q. Since language arises from situation, the teacher’s task is to create a situation from which……?
Ans. Language will arise easily and naturally
Q. Structural Method stresses that we should know well how the?
Ans. Word order and word forms are employed to make sentences

Q. Procedure that may be followed in the Structural Method is?
Ans. Creating situations to teach the structure, individual drill or chorus work and reading from the substitution tables
Q. Chomsky considers grammar to be a?
Ans. A formal system
Q. Chomsky said that it is through grammar rules that?
Ans. Grammatical sentences of a language can be generated
Q. The tradition which Chomsky developed is called?
Ans. Generative Grammar


Q. Who is called the father of modern Linguistics?
Ans. Noam Chomsky
Q. Chomsky played a big role in the decline of?
Ans. Behaviorism
Q. Chomsky was born in?
Ans. 1928

Q. Language teaching is sometimes discussed in terms of a few related aspects, namely?
Ans. Method, Approach and Technique
Q. Different theories about the nature of language and how languages are learnt are called?
Ans. Approaches e.g.
Communicative approach
Q. A particular trick or strategy used to accomplish an immediate objective is called?
Ans. Technique e.g. student is given a grammar rule and he/she applies the rule by using new words
Q. Grammar Translation Method (GTM) is also called?
Ans. The Classical Method OR The Natural Method
Q. Classical Method was named Grammar Translation Method in?
Ans. 19th century
Q. Chomsky adopted whose approach to the study of language?
Ans. The linguist Zellig S. Harris
Q. Functional Linguistics has its basis in the works of?
Ans. The Prague School and J. R Firth

(Linguistics MCQs Part 01)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 02)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 03)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 05)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 06)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 07)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 08)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 09)

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