Linguistics MCQs Part 05 l Linguistics Quiz l 1000 Multiple Choice Questions

Here is Linguistics MCQs Part 05 for you!
(Linguistics MCQs Part 01)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 02)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 03)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 04)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 06)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 07)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 08)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 09)

Q. The word “alphabet” comes from the first two letters of the Greek alphabet namely?
Ans. alpha, bēta
Q. What is Morphology?
Ans. The study of words, how they are formed, and their relationship to other words in the same language                                         
Q. What is Lexicology?
Ans. It studies the stock of words
in a given language    
(stock of words means the lexicon OR vocabulary)                     
Q. Lexicography?
Ans. The process of writing, editing and compiling a dictionary
Q. Ferdinand De Saussure was?
Ans. A Swiss linguist
Q. The key figure in the development of structuralist linguistics is?
Ans. Ferdinand De Saussure
Q. What idea did Saussure champion?
Ans. The idea that language is a system of arbitrary signs
Q. Saussure believes that language is a system of?
Ans. Arbitrary signs
(means things are named arbitrarily)

Q. What is Translation Theory?
Ans. Translation Theory is concerned with the translation method appropriately used for a certain type of text      
Q. What is Etymology?
Ans. The study of the origin of words and the way in which their meanings have changed throughout history

Q. What is Computational Linguistics?
Ans. The application of computer science to the analysis, synthesis and comprehension of written and spoken language                  
Q. What is Linguistic Philosophy?
Ans. It tells that philosophical problems could be solved either by reforming language or by understanding more about the language that we presently use
Q. The work of Prague School was a radical departure from the classical structural position of?
Ans. Ferdinand De Saussure.
(The Prague School believed in functionalism)
Q. When did modern linguistics emerge?
Ans. It emerged in the late 19th century and early 20th century
Q. In modern linguistics, shift of focus changed from historical concerns of changes to the idea that?
Ans. Language can be viewed as a structured system

Q. Structuralist linguistics developed?
Ans. After First World War
Q. What is Philosophy Of Linguistics?
Ans. Philosophy of linguistics is the philosophy of other special sciences as applied to linguistics

Q. What is Text Linguistics?
Ans. It is concerned with the description and analysis of extended texts in communicative contexts
(extended texts may be either spoken or written)

Q. What is Applied linguistics?
Ans. The study of applying linguistics to real-life situations e.g. language teaching
Q. What is Phonology?
Ans. It is the study of how speech sounds function in a particular language.
Q. The Prague School was officially launched in?
Ans. 1926

(Linguistics MCQs Part 04)
Q. Linguists of the Prague School were active during?
Ans. 1928-1939

Q. When was The Prague School disbanded?
Ans. 1952
Q. Prague is actually the name of?
Ans. A place where the linguists got together
Q. What is Synchronic Linguistics?
Ans. Synchronic linguistics is the study of a language at one particular period
(usually the present. It is also known as descriptive Linguistics)

Q. What is Micro Linguistics?
Ans. It is concerned only with the structures of the language system                    
Q. What is Macro Linguistics?
Ans. It is concerned with the way languages are acquired, stored in the brain and used for various functions
Q. What is Forensic Linguistics?
Ans. It helps in legal domain to identify speaker/criminal from voice recording etc.

Q. The most famous representative of Prague School is?
Ans. Roman Jakobson
Q. Jakobson emigrated to the USA in?
Ans. 1942

Q. Jakobson had a significant impact on the development of?
Ans. Phonological theory
Q. What is Cognitive Linguistics?
Ans. It describes how language interacts with cognition, how language forms our thoughts. It is the study of language as a mental phenomenon
Q. What is Corpus Linguistics?
Ans. It deals with the principles and practice of using corpora in language study. It studies language as expressed in corpora (samples) of real world text                                      
Q. What is Quantitative Linguistics?
Ans. Statistical and other quantitative concepts, models and methods which are used in the analysis of languages OR texts                                       
Q. What is Phraseology?
Ans. It is the study of fixed expressions, such as idioms and phrasal verbs whose meanings can’t be predicted by translating every single word

Q. Why did the Prague School focus on the relation between word order and discourse?
Ans. To find how the order of words in a sentence is affected by discourse in which it occurs

Q. What four notions of the Prague School are very influential in modern syntax theories?
Ans. Topic, Comment, Given, New
Q. Topic, Comment, Given and New in syntax mean?
Ans. Topic is what is discussed, Comment is what is commented on that, Given is the context, New is new information

Q. What is Creolistics?
Ans. It is the study of both creoles and the pidgin languages from which creoles develop.                                              
Q. Evolutionary linguistics?
Ans. The study of the origin and subsequent development of language.                         
Q. What is Clinical Linguistics?
Ans. It deals with the application of linguistic science to the study of communication disability in order to treat an individual
Q. In 1957, Neo-Bloomfieldian Structuralism suffered a major challenge with the publication of whose book?
Ans. Noam Chomsky’s book
Syntactic Structures
Q. Chomsky was very influenced by recent developments in mathematical logic, hence he rejected the Neo-Bloomfieldian obsession with discovery procedures?
Ans. True

Q. Who developed Functional Grammar?
Ans. Dutch linguist Simon Dik in the late 1960s
Q. Another School of Thought which arose in 1960s in USA was called?
Ans. West Coast Functional Grammar
Q. Why was it called West Coast Functional Grammar?
Ans. Because many of its practitioners were located on the West Coast Of America
Q. What is the idea and focus of West Coast Functional Grammar?
Ans. Grammatical categories arose to serve some function, they are not arbitrary
Q. Another tradition of functional grammar associated with Ronald Langacker was called?
Ans. Cognitive grammar

Q. What does Cognitive Grammar hypothesize?
Ans. It says that grammar, semantics and lexicon do not exist as separate processes
Q. The least functional of the functionalist schools is?
Ans. The Greenbergian Tradition

Q. What did Mr. Greenberg propose?
Ans. He proposed a set of linguistic universals based primarily on a set of 30 languages
Q. What is the Prague School?
Ans. It is a tradition of linguistic thought.
Q. The Prague School is also called?
Ans. Prague Linguistic Circle
Q. Who formed the Prague Linguistic Circle?
Ans. Czech and other linguists
Q. The leading figure in the Prague School was?
Ans. Russian Nicholai Trubetzkoy
Q. The famous book of Nicholai Trubetzkoy was?
Ans. The Principles Of Phonology
Q. Nicholai Trubetzkoy made important contributions to the notion of?
Ans. Phoneme

Q. What does the Prague School successfully place in the center of linguistic theory?
Ans. Phoneme

Q. Did the Prague School of linguists also made contributions to other aspects of linguistics apart from phoneme?
Ans. Yes

Q. The Prague School of Linguistics is best remembered today for their contribution to?
Ans. Syntax
Q. In Syntax, the Prague School focused on the relation between?
Ans. Word order and discourse
Q. A sentence that contains all 26 letters of the English alphabet is called a?
Ans. “Pangram”
Q. Give an example of Pangram?
Ans. “The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog.”
Q. What is Oxford OR Serial comma?
Ans. A comma before the word “and” at the end of a list is called Oxford comma OR Serial comma.
Example: I drink coffee, tea, and wine.

Q. There are some words that appeared in the dictionary because of printing errors, these words are called?
Ans. Ghost words e.g. the word ‘dord’
Q. Words we always use even though they add no meaning or value to a sentence are called?
Ans. Crutch words e.g. Actually, basically, like and “you know what” etc.
Q. Some English words look the same backward or forward, they are called?
Ans. Palindromes e.g. the word Madam
Q. Some English words look the same upside down, they are called?
Ans. Ambigrams e.g. the word SWIMS

Q. Words where each letter is used the same number of times are called?
Ans. Isograms e.g. the word dialogue uses each letter once
Q. Henry Sweet’s book which attracted international attention was………?
Ans. A Handbook of Phonetics
Q. Who extended Henry Sweet’s work on phonetics?
Ans. Daniel Jones
Q. Daniel Jones was highly influential in the development of?
Ans. Phonetics

Q. General linguistics in Britain really began with the work of?
Ans. J.R Firth
Q. Who held the first chair in linguistics in the University Of London
Ans. J.R Firth
Q. When did J.R Firth hold the first chair in linguistics in the University Of London?
Ans. From 1944-1956
Q. Who had lived for some time in India and studied its languages?
Ans. J.R Firth
Q. Who brought a number of original perspectives to linguistics?
Ans. J.R Firth
Q. Why did J.R Firth bring a number of original perspectives to linguistics?
Ans. Because he had lived in India for some time

Q. The tradition which J.R Firth established is called?
Ans. The London School
Q. Which assumption did J.R Firth question?
Ans. The assumption that speech can be divided into segments of sound

Q. Which theory did J.R Firth present?
Ans. The Theory Of Prosodic Analysis
Q. J.R Firth’s Theory Of Prosodic Analysis focused on?
Ans. Phonetic elements which are larger than individual sounds
Q. J.R Firth was influenced by which Polish anthropologist?
Ans. Bronislaw Malinowski
Q. J.R Firth was also deeply concerned with?
Ans. Meaning
Q. Which contextual theory did J.R Firth develope?
Ans. A Contextual Theory Of Meaning
Q. Michael Halliday was the student of?
Ans. J.R Firth
Q. What are Dentals?
Ans. Sounds produced with the tongue against the upper front teeth e.g. the initial sound of ‘thin’ and the final sound of ‘bath’. Symbol used for it is known as theta

Q. What are Alveolars?
Ans. Speech sounds made with the tongue touching the part of the mouth behind the upper front teeth e.g. t, d, s, z

Q. Who was responsible for elaborating
J.R Firth’s ideas?
Ans. Michael Halliday
Q. Who developed J.R Firth’s ideas into a coherent theory of language?
Ans. Michael Halliday
Q. Name the theory for which Michael Halliday is well-known?
Ans. Systemic Functional Grammar
Q. The key concept of Michael Halliday’s Systemic Functional Grammar is?
Ans. The function of language is to make meanings; meanings are influenced by  societies and cultures
Q. What does Halliday mean by saying that the process of using language is a semiotic process?
Ans. It is a process of making meaning by choosing
Q. Systemic Functional Grammar (SFG) is also known as?
Ans. Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL)
Q. In what three different ways is language analyzed in Systemic Functional Grammar (SFG)?
Ans. Semantics, phonology and lexicogrammar
(lexicogrammar means vocabulary + grammar)

Q. What does the word “Systemic” mean in Systemic Functional Grammar (SFG)?
Ans. Language is a network of systems for making meaning
Q. In which branch of linguistics Michael Halliday’s ideas attracted attention?
Ans. Applied Linguistics

(Linguistics MCQs Part 01)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 02)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 03)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 04)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 06)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 07)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 08)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 09)

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