Linguistics MCQs Part 08 l Linguistics Quiz l 1000 Multiple Choice Questions

Here is Linguistics MCQs Part 08 for you!
(Linguistics MCQs Part 01)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 02)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 03)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 04)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 05)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 06)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 07)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 09)

Q. Who was the leader of Transformational Generative School?
Ans. Noam Chomsky
Q. What is Trill?
Ans.The rapid vibration of one speech organ against another
(as of the tip of the tongue against the teethridge)
Q. What is “zh” sound in English?
Ans. It is the sound of “s” e.g in the word “pleasure”
Q. Define Sibilant?
Ans. A consonant sound in which the tip or blade of the tongue is brought near the roof of the mouth and air is pushed past the tongue to make a hissing sound
Q. What are sibilants in English?
Ans. “s” sound in “sip,” z sound in “zip,” “sh” sound in “ship,” and “zh” sound which is the sound of “s” as in “treasure”
Q. What is falling intonation?
Ans. Falling Intonation means that the pitch of voice falls at the end of the sentence e.g. ‘that’s wonderful’. Here “that’s” is pronounced louder than wonderful
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(Advanced Spoken English Course)

Q. What is Stop OR Plosive?
Ans. A speech sound made by stopping the flow of air coming out of the mouth and then suddenly releasing it
Q. Examples of Stops OR Plosives?
Ans. The sounds [p], [t], and [k] are voiceless stops (also called plosives)
“the sounds [b], [d], and [g] are voiced stops”
Q. What is Antonymy?
Ans. It is the oppositeness of meaning between two words e.g. ‘Shallow’ is an Antonym of ‘Deep’
Q. What are Gradable Antonyms?
Ans. Words with opposite meanings along a scale e.g. small-medium-large-extra large
Q. What are Non-gradable Antonyms?
Ans. Words which are direct opposites e.g. alive-dead
Q. Through what does sociolinguistics have strong connections with anthropology?
Ans. Through the study of language and culture
Q. What includes colloquialisms, grammatical constructions, distinctive vocabulary and pronunciations that are typical of a region?
Ans. Dialect
(Linguistics MCQs Part 07)
Q. Through what does sociolinguistics have strong connections with sociology?
Ans. Through the investigation of the role language plays in the organization of social groups and institutions
Q. First difference between phonetics and phonology is?
Ans. Phonetics is the study of human sounds while phonology is the classification of sounds in a particular language
Q. Second difference between phonetics and phonology is?
Ans. Phonetics belongs to descriptive linguistics while phonology belongs to theoretical linguistics
(50,000+ English Literature MCQs)
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Q. Third difference between phonetics and phonology is?
Ans. Phonetics has limited scope while phonology has broader scope
Q. What is Hyponymy?
Ans. When the meaning of one word is included in the meaning of another word e.g. “daffodil” is a hyponym of flower because flower is common name for different flowers
Q. What are Co-hyponyms?
Ans. Two or more words that share the same broader category are co-hyponyms e.g. dog and horse are co-hyponyms as both are animals
Q. What is Superordinate?
Ans. Superordinate means higher-level term e.g. dog and horse both have the same Superordinate “Animal”
(it means the broader category)
Q. The basic elements of syllable are?
Ans. Three.
(They are Onset, Rhyme and Coda)
Q. What is Onset?
Ans. The part of the syllable before the vowel e.g. ‘Cl’ in “clean”
Q. What is Rhyme?
Ans. The part of the syllable which consists of a vowel e.g ‘ea’ in “clean”
Q. What is Coda?
Ans. The part of a syllable after the vowel e.g. ‘n’ in “clean”
Q. What are Open Syllables?
Ans. Syllables which have Onset and Rhyme but no Coda are open syllables
e.g. Me, to, no
Q. What are Closed Syllables?
Ans. Syllables which end with a consonant or coda e.g. Chit, kit, kick
Q. What is Prototype?
Ans. The most typical example of a category is called prototype e.g. Robin is the prototype of bird
(it means that the bird Robin is very much famous. Prototype means model)
(20,000+ Linguistics MCQs)
(American Literature MCQs)

Q. What are Homophones?
Ans. Two or more words with different spellings and meanings but the same pronunciation e.g. to-too-two
Q. What are Homonyms?
Ans. Two words with the same spellings and pronunciation but different meanings e.g. mole on a skin and mole which is an animal
Q. The leading figure in the second half of the 19th century was?
Ans. The British phonetician Henry Sweet
Q. Who were very instrumental in the development of phoneme?
Ans. Henry Sweet and Baudouin
Q. Phoneme was foreshadowed by the author of which 12th century book?
Ans. The First Grammatical Treatise
Q. Who differentiated between phoneme and phone?
Ans. Baudouin
Q. Although Morphology was first used in Biology, when was it used for the first time in the study of language?
Ans. In the middle of the 19th century
Q. What is the main difference between word and morpheme?
Ans. A word stands by itself and a morpheme may or may not stand alone
Q. When a morpheme stands by itself, it is called?
Ans. Root because it has a meaning of its own e.g. the morpheme ‘cat’
Q. When a morpheme depends on another morpheme it is called?
Ans. Bound morpheme because it has a grammatical function e.g. ‘s’ in “cats”. Here s makes the word “cat” plural
(Indian English Literature MCQs)
(Summaries)

Q. What is Polysemy?
Ans. A word having two or more meanings e.g. foot of a person, of bed, of mountain
Q. What are mostly used for Word Play?
Ans. Homophones, Homonyms and Polysemy
Q. What is Metonymy?
Ans. A word used in place of another with which it is closely connected in everyday experience e.g. Hollywood is used for English movies although it is actually a district of USA
Q. The plural suffix must be followed by?
Ans. The stem of the word
e.g. dog-s, cat-s, stone-s
(stem means the root word e.g. dog, cat and stone here)
Q. Assimilation and elision are parts of?
Ans. Normal speech
Q. What are phones OR sounds?
Ans. Phones are general human sounds irrespective of their place in the sound system of a language
Q. What is a social feature of language use?
Ans. Speech
Q. Basic distinction in speech style is between?
Ans. Formal uses and informal uses
Q. The style when we pay more attention to how we are speaking is called?
Ans. Formal style
Q. Each functional and lexical part of a word is called?
Ans. A morpheme e.g. the word ‘dog’ has one morpheme and the word ‘dogs’ has two morphemes
(“dog” is lexical, “-s” is functional)

Q. What are Bound Morphemes?
Ans. Morphemes such as ‘un’ or ‘ed’ that can’t stand alone and must be attached to another morpheme as ‘un and ed’ in the word undressed
Q. What is vernacular?
Ans. The language of ordinary speech rather than formal writing
Q. The primary function of human language is?
Ans. Communication
Q. What is language according to Chomsky?
Ans. It is a system represented in the mind/brain of a particular individual
Q. Free Morphemes fall into?
Ans. Two categories Lexical and Functional
Q. What is Lexical Morpheme?
Ans. A free morpheme that is a content word such as a noun or verb e.g. Girl or hit
(it has its own meaning, they are many in number)
Q. What is Functional Morpheme?
Ans. A morpheme that is used as function word such as a conjunction (and) or a preposition (in)
Q. Lexical Morphemes are?
Ans. Verbs, nouns, adverbs and adjectives
Q. Functional morphemes are?
Ans. Conjunctions, prepositions, articles and pronouns
Q. Lexical Morphemes are also called?
Ans. Open class words because new words are added to them everyday
Q. Functional Morphemes are also called?
Ans. Closed class words because new words can’t be added to them

Q. The most noteworthy functionalist
Ans. Michael Halliday
Q. What was the view of Michael Halliday?
Ans. Language developed because of the uses it was put to
Q. What other school emerged in opposition to Chomskian Linguistics?
Ans. Functional Grammar
Q. Situational Language Teaching
OR Oral Approach is a language method developed by British specialists between?
Ans. 1940 and 1960
Q. Direct Method got formulated in the later part of the?
Ans. 19th century
Q. Which method insisted that speech is primary, grammar can be learnt indirectly?
Ans. Direct Method
Q. In which method is the use of mother tongue not encouraged?
Ans. Direct Method
Q. Objectives of Direct Method are?
Ans. Fluency in speech, capacity to think in English, meaningful everyday language and grammar to be induced from practice
Q. Contemporary approaches to linguistics can be divided into?
Ans. Two primary types namely
Formal Linguistics and Functional Linguistics
Q. What is Formal Linguistics?
Ans. Formal Linguistics adopts an overall focus on form

Q. What is functional Linguistics?
Ans. Functional Linguistics adopts an overall focus on function
Q. Audio-visual approach is also used in?
Ans. Direct Method
Q. Teaching aids can be classified into?
Ans. Three main categories
Q. Tape recorders, radio and lingua phone are?
Ans. Audio aids
Q. Blackboard, pictures, maps, charts, flash cards, models, slides and film strips are?
Ans. Visual aids
Q. Motion pictures and television are?
Ans. Audio-visual aids
Q. Audio-visual aids are important because they?
Ans. Serve as motivators and they provide direct experience
Q. What are the two groups of grammarians called?
Ans. Prescriptive and descriptive grammarians
Q. Who are prescriptive grammarians?
Ans. They set out strict rules for how language should be used
Q. Who are descriptive grammarians?
Ans. They look at  the way a language is actually used by its speakers and then attempt  to analyze it and formulate rules about the structure of that language

Q. Which field strengthens endangered languages?
Ans. Descriptive Linguistics
Q. Conversation Analysis is also helpful in?
Ans. Cross-cultural communication
Q. Which field of Linguistics assists individuals with language difficulties?
Ans. Psycholinguistics
Q. Which field helps in understanding the conceptual and associated meanings?
Ans. Semantics
Q. When was The Prague School established?
Ans. 1926
Q. The first president of the Prague School was?
Ans. Vilem Mathesius
Q. What journal did The Prague School publish?
Ans. Travaux Du Cercle linguistique De Prague
Q. What was the primary interest of the Prague School?
Ans. Phonological theory
Q. The branch of linguistics which is concerned with the practical applications of language studies e.g. language teaching and translation?
Ans. Applied Linguistics
Q. The clinical application of Linguistics helps in knowing about?
Ans. Language acquisition

Q. Give any example of the use of Linguistics in Bioscience?
Ans. Dictionary making
Q. Geographical Linguistics?
Ans. It studies the geographic distribution of language
Q. Who is considered as the founding father of modern linguistics?
Ans. Ferdinand De Saussure
Q. Ferdinand De Saussure published little himself, then who published his works?
Ans. His students published from his lecture notes
Q. What was the name of the book which the students of Saussure published?
Ans. Course In General Linguistics
Q. The influence of Saussure extended beyond linguistics into fields such as?
Ans. Anthropology and Semiotics
Q. What is Ethnolinguistics?
Ans. It studies the relationship between language and culture
Q. What is Comparative OR Contrastive Linguistics?
Ans. The study of similarities and differences between languages                      
Q. What is Psycholinguistics?
Ans. It examines how humans acquire, use and understand language
Q. What is Sociolinguistics? 
Ans. It  studies the relationship between language and society. It tells how language is affected by social factors such as gender, ethnicity, age or social class

Q. What areas were dominant in early modern linguistics?
Ans. Phonetics and Phonology
Q. What is Phonemics?
Ans. It is the study of phonemes. The phoneme /s/ in ‘soar’ distinguishes it from the phoneme /r/ in ‘roar’ in pronunciation as well as meaning
Q. What is Immediate constituent analysis?
Ans. It breaks down longer phrases or sentences into different categories e.g. Noun, noun phrase, verb, verb phrase etc. (Basically it means naming different parts of a sentence)
Q. The two great linguists who have contributed much to frame the device of Immediate Constituent analysis are?
Ans. Leonard Bloomfield & Noam Chomsky
Q. The theory of Transformational Generative Grammar is contained in?
Ans. Both Chomsky’s “Syntactic Structures” and Chomsky’s “Aspects of the theory of Syntax”
Q. Words with more than three syllables are called?
Ans. Multisyllabic words
(Linguistics MCQs Part 01)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 02)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 03)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 04)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 05)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 06)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 07)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 09)

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