Linguistics MCQs Part 09 l Linguistics Quiz l 1000 Multiple Choice Questions

Here is Linguistics MCQs Part 09 for you!
(Linguistics MCQs Part 01)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 02)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 03)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 04)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 05)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 06)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 07)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 08)

Q. According to Michael Halliday, there are……..of language?
Ans. Three functions
Q. What are the three functions of language according to Michael Halliday?
Ans. Ideational; interpersonal; textual
(Ideational means relating to the formation of ideas or concepts)
Q. The most popular work of
Michael Halliday is?
Ans. Introduction To Functional Grammar
Q. Michael Halliday was also influenced by the work of?
Ans. The Prague School Of Linguistics
Q. What are Palatals?
Ans. A speech sound made by placing the tongue against or near the hard palate of mouth e.g. Sh and ch sounds in shout and child
Q. What are Velars?
Ans. Speech sounds made with the back part of the tongue against the soft palate e.g. k, g
Q. The tradition which Michael Halliday began is represented in?
Ans. Britain, Australia, America, Spain, China and Japan
Q. Michael Halliday was born in?
Ans. 1925. He died in 2018
Q. The name of Michael Halliday’s wife was?
Ans. Ruqaiya Hasan
Q. Who wrote English Pronouncing Dictionary?
Ans. Daniel Jones
Q. Who wrote Outline Of English Phonetics?
Ans. Daniel Jones
(30,000+ Idioms With Examples)
(Advanced Spoken English Course)

Q. What two books of Daniel Jones were used throughout the world?
Ans. Outline Of English Phonetics; English Pronouncing Dictionary
Q. What does the Biblical Tradition say about the origin of language?
Ans. God created Adam and taught him the names of everything
Q. When did written language develope?
Ans. 5000 years ago
Q. What are Labiodentals?
Ans. A speech sound made by placing the top teeth against the bottom e.g. f and v
Q. What are Liquids?
Ans. A speech sound produced by letting air flow around the sides of the tongue e.g. The first sound in the word lip
Q. How are human teeth different from those of animals?
Ans. Human teeth are upright while the teeth of animals are slanting outwards. That’s why humans can speak
Q. When can we say human auditory system begins working?
Ans. Two months before birth OR when remains for seven months in womb
Q. What is the difference between the position of the larynx in humans and other primates?
Ans. It is much lower in the throat in humans
Q. It is often said that……….must have been the original human language?
Ans. Phrygian
(but many have rejected this claim)
Q. Human lips have………?
Ans. More intricate muscles that’s why they can speak. That is why they can speak
(50,000+ English Literature MCQs)
(Advanced Grammar MCQs)

Q. According to Hindu Tradition, language came from?
Ans. Sarasvati
Q. Who was Sarasvati?
Ans. The wife of Brahma
Q. What are Glides?
Ans. Speech sounds made while moving the tongue from one position to another e.g. the sounds w and j
Q. What is Glottal Stop?
Ans. A sonud produced when the air passing through the glottis is stopped completely then released e.g. try saying the expression uh-oh!
Q. In most religions, there appears to be a divine source who provides humans with….?
Ans. Language
Q. The mouth of humans is……..?
Ans. Relatively small compared to animals. That’s why they can speak
Q. Experiments led to which basic hypothesis?
Ans. If human infants were allowed to grow up without hearing people, they would begin to use the original God-given language
Q. By age 4, humans have developed the ability to?
Ans. Communicate
Q. By age 6, humans can comprehend as well as express……..?
Ans. Written thoughts
Q. The tongue of humans is……….?
Ans. Smaller, thicker and more muscular. That’s why they can speak

Q. According to………, “Language was born in the courting days of mankind?”
Ans. Jespersen
Q. Language is………., not static?
Ans. Evolutionary
(because it keeps changing)
Q. What are Front Vowels?
Ans. These are produced with the front part of the tongue for example in the words beat, bet, fist
Q. What are Central Vowels?
Ans. These are produced with the central part of the tongue for example in the words butt and tough
Q. Who assures that many animals have all the necessary speech organs?
Ans. Lloyd James
Q. The position of larynx of humans?
Ans. Differs from those of animals. That’s why they can speak
Q. The Natural Sound Source is about…….?
Ans. The origin of language
Q. What is the basic idea of the Natural Sound Source?
Ans. Natural sounds were imitated by humans e.g. the sounds of birds and animals etc. were imitated by humans
Q. The Natural Sound Source is also called?
Ans. The Bow-wow Theory
(Dog’s barking sound is bow-wow)
Q………..has played a conspicuous part in Bow-bow theory?
Ans. Onomatopoeic element
Q. What are Back Vowels?
Ans. These are produced with the back part of the tongue for example in the words book and put
(20,000+ Linguistics MCQs)
(American Literature MCQs)

Q. Back vowels are also called?
Ans. Dark vowels
Q. What does the Yo-He-Ho theory say about the origin of language?
Ans. It says that the origin of language is from the sounds of a person who is involved in physical effort
(human sounds here mean hums, grunts, groans etc)
Q. What does the physical adaptation source say?
Ans. It says the teeth, lips, mouth, larynx and pharynx of humans are completely different from animals, this is why humans can speak
Q. What does the Genetic Source say?
Ans. It says that human offspring are born with a special capacity for language
Q. What does the Ta-Ta Theory say about the origin of language?
Ans. It says that language has been derived from gestures
Q. Ta-Ta theory is also called?
Ans. Gesture Theory
Q. Which type of intonation is used in commands?
Ans. The falling intonation
Q. What is rising intonation?
Ans. It means that the pitch of voice rises at the end of a sentence e.g. “Would you like a cup of tea?”
Q. Which type of intonation is used in polite requests?
Ans. The rising e.g. “Would you mind……….”
Q. Which type of intonation is used in listing the items?
Ans. The rising e.g. I bought apples, mangoes, bananas,……..
Q. Which type of intonation is used in ordinary statements?
Ans. The falling
(Indian English Literature MCQs)

Q. Old English can be subdivided into Prehistoric Period, Early Old Period and?
Ans. Late Old Period
Q. Anglo-Saxons called English by the name of?
Ans. Englisc
Q. Prehistoric Period of Old English lasted from?
Ans. 5th century AD to 7th century AD
Q. Early Old English Period lasted from?
Ans. 7th century AD to 10th century AD
Q. Late Old English Period lasted from?
Ans. 10th century AD to 11th century AD
Q. In which period did English grammar start evolving with particular attention to syntax?
Ans. Early Middle English
Q. It was during the 14th century that a different dialect known as the………began to develop?
Ans. East-Midlands
Q. In which English Period did the East-Midlands dialect develop?
Ans. Late Middle English
Q. William the Conqueror invaded England in?
Ans. 1066
(Linguistics MCQs Part 08)
Q. William the Conqueror belonged to?
Ans. France

Q. William the Conqueror and his supporters used to speak?
Ans. French and Latin the most
Q…………again became dominant in England?
Ans. Middle English
Q. When did Middle English again become dominant in England?
Ans. 14th century
Q. Early Modern English is dated from?
Ans. 1500-1800
Q. The Great Vowel Shift started in?
Ans. Early Modern English
Q. Where was The Great Vowel Shift started?
Ans. In Southern England
Q. The Great Vowel Shift focused on?
Ans. Pronouncing the vowels shorter
Q. What was the Great Vowel Shift?
Ans. The Great Vowel Shift was a series of changes in the pronunciation of the English language
Q. English spelling started being standardised in the?
Ans. 15th and 16th centuries
Q. In Early Modern English, the printing press by William Caxton standardized the English language through the distribution of?
Ans. The English Bible

Q. The Great Vowel Shift was first studied by?
Ans. Otto Jespersen
Q. Who was Otto Jespersen?
Ans. A Danish linguist
Q. Who coined the term the Great Vowel Shift?
Ans. Otto Jespersen
Q. First English dictionary was published in?
Ans. 1604
Q. What was the name of the first English dictionary?
Ans. Table Alphabeticall
Q. Who wrote the first English dictionary Table Alphabeticall?
Ans. Robert Cawdrey
Q. Late Modern English is dated from?
Ans. 1801-present
Q. The main difference between Early Modern English and Late Modern English is?
Ans. Vocabulary
Q. Early Modern English has many more words than Late Modern English ?
Ans. False
Q. The………and the Rise of the British Empire during the 18th, 19th and early 20th-century saw the expansion of the English language?
Ans. Industrial Revolution

Q…………is the language which most nearly resembles old English in grammatical structure?
Ans. Icelandic
Q. Words from more than 350 languages have entered English in this way?
Ans. True
Q. Like Russian, English is a strongly…….. language?
Ans. Stressed
(means its words are mostly stressed)
Q. Modern English nouns, pronouns, adjectives, and verbs are…….?
Ans. Inflected
(means inflections can be added)
Q. Modern English Adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections are?
Ans. Invariable
(they can not be changed)
History of Language:
Q. Written records of Human Languages in Europe are present from as far back as?
Ans. 5000 BC
Q. How did human language get started?
Ans. It is considered that human ancestors used to grunt or hoot and it developed into language gradually
Q. Chimpanzees also grunt and hoot, why didn’t they develop it into a language?
Ans. They have smaller brains than humans
Q. What is the only evidence about human ancestors?
Ans. The shape of their vocal tract. Vocal tract includes the mouth, tongue and throat
Q. About 10,0000 years ago, what didn’t the shape of the vocal tract of human ancestors permit?
Ans. The modern range of speech sounds

Q. Some researchers even propose that language began as a?
Ans. Sign language
Q. What source of evidence has emerged recently?
Ans. A language gene which is called FOXP2
Q. A very promising evidence about how human language ability evolved will come from?
Ans. The human genome
(It is a complete set of genes)
Q. Human language can express thoughts on an unlimited number of?
Ans. Topics
Q. Animal communication systems have at most a few dozen distinct sounds for?
Ans. Food, danger, threat and reconciliation
Q. Languages change due to?
Ans. Changes in culture OR by coming in contact with other languages
Q. The ancestral language of most of the modern European languages
(e.g. German, French, Russian, Greek) was?
Ans. Proto-Indo-European
Q. What brought Europeans into contact with a wide variety of languages?
Ans. European Colonization
Q. Information about different languages spread within Europe in the form of?
Ans. Word lists, grammar and texts
Q. Scholars used lists of words in comparisons and this led to what is now known as?
Ans. The Comparative Method
(Linguistics MCQs Part 01)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 02)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 03)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 04)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 05)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 06)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 07)
(Linguistics MCQs Part 08)

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