Here are all morphology MCQ’s for you!
Q. What is Morphology?
Ans. Morphology is the study and analysis of the structure, form and classes of words
Q. We can also say that morphology is the study of?
(Word Formation MCQ’s)
Q. What is a morpheme?
Ans. A word or a part of a word that has a meaning or a function e.g. in the word ‘dogs’, the morpheme dog has meaning but the morpheme -s makes it plural
Q. The plural suffix must follow?
Ans. The stem of the word e.g. dog-s, cat-s, stone-s
Q. Each functional and lexical piece of a word is called?
Ans. A morpheme e.g. the word ‘dog’ has one morpheme and the word ‘dogs’ has two morphemes
Q. The term Morphology means?
Ans. The study of forms which means the study of morphemes
Q. Although Morphology was first used in Biology, when was it used for the first time in the study of language?
Ans. In the middle of the 19th century
Q. What is the main difference between word and morpheme?
Ans. A word stands by itself and a morpheme may or may not stand alone
Q. When a morpheme stands by itself, it is called?
Ans. Root because it has a meaning of its own e.g. the morpheme ‘cat’
Q. When a morpheme depends on another morpheme it is called?
Ans. An affix because it has a grammatical function e.g. ‘s’ in cats
Q. What are Free Morphemes?
Ans. Morphemes that stand by themselves as single words e.g the words open and tour
Q. What are Bound Morphemes?
Ans. Morphemes such as ‘un’ or ‘ed’ that can’t stand alone and must be attached to another morpheme as ‘un and ed’ in the word undressed
Q. Free Morphemes fall into?
Ans. Two categories Lexical and Functional
Q. What is Lexical Morpheme?
Ans. A free morpheme that is a content word such as a noun or verb e.g. Girl or hit
Q. What is Functional Morpheme?
Ans. A morpheme that is used as function word such as a conjunction (and) or a preposition (in)
Q. Lexical Morphemes are?
Ans. Verbs, nouns, adverbs and adjectives
Q. Functional morphemes are?
Ans. Conjunctions, prepositions, articles and pronouns
Q. Lexical Morphemes are also called?
Ans. Open class words… Because new words are added to them everyday
Q. Functional Morphemes are also called?
Ans. Closed class words… because new words can’t be added to them
Q. Bound Morphemes fall into?
Ans. Two categories, derivational and inflectional
Q. What is Derivational morpheme?
Ans. Morphemes that make words of different grammatical category from the stem e.g. Derivational morpheme ‘ness’ changes the adjective good to the noun goodness
Q. What is inflectional morpheme?
Ans. Inflectional morphemes are used to show if a word is plural or singular, if it is paste tense or not, and if it is comparative or possessive form
Q. English has how many inflectional morphemes?
Ans. Only eight… For noun -‘s for possession and -s for plural; for verb -s, – ing, -ed, -en; for adjective -er and -est
Q. The main difference between inflectional and derivational morphemes is?
Ans. Inflectional morpheme doesn’t change the category of word while derivational changes the category
Q. What is Morph?
Ans. Morph is the other name of morpheme e.g. the word cats consists of two morphemes cat and -s… Cat is lexical morpheme and -s is inflectional morpheme
Q. What is Allomorph?
Ans. One of a set of forms that a morpheme may take in different contexts e.g. the -s of cats, the -en of oxen are allomorphs of the English plural morpheme
Q. Morphology plays an important role in?
Ans. Theories of the acquisition of language and in theories of language change
Q. Our morphological knowledge has what two components?
Ans. Knowledge of the individual morphemes AND knowledge of the rules that combine them
Q. What is Syntax?
Ans. The way in which words are put together to form phrases, clauses, or sentences
Q. What allow(s) the grammatical inflection of words and are used to change the syntactic class of words?
Q. Allow and kick are examples of which type of morpheme?
Ans. Free morpheme
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