Here are all phonetics MCQ’s for you!
Q. How many branches of phonetics are there?
Ans. Three. Articulatory, Acoustic and Auditory
Q. What is articulatory phonetics?
Ans. The study of how speech sounds are produced
Q. What is Acoustic phonetics?
Ans. The study of the physical properties of speech as sound waves in the air
Q. What is auditory Phonetics?
Ans. The study of the perception of speech sounds by the listener
Q. Auditory Phonetics is also called?
Ans. Perceptual phonetics
(Branches of Linguistics MCQ’s)
Q. How are speech sounds produced?
Ans. The air is pushed out by the lungs up through the windpipe to the larynx
Q. Inside the larynx are?
Ans. Vocal cords
Q. How many basic positions do vocal cords take?
Ans. Two. They are the production of voiced sounds and voiceless sounds
Q. During the articulation of a speech sound, when vocal cords are spread apart and there is no vibration?
Ans. Then that speech sound is called voiceless sound
Q. During the articulation of a speech sound, when vocal cords are drawn together and there is vibration?
Ans. Then that speech sound is called voiced sound
Q. What is the trick to know if a speech sound is voiceless or voiced?
Ans. Put a finger in each ear, produce Z sound, you’ll hear vibration, it’s voiced…similarly S which is voiceless because of no vibration
Q. What are vocal cords actually?
Ans. They are the thin strips of tissue that are moved by the flow of air to produce the voice
Q. What are Bilabial sounds?
Ans. A speech sound made by using two lips e.g. p and b
Q. What are Labiodentals?
Ans. A speech sound made by placing the top teeth against the bottom e.g. f and v
Q. What are Dentals?
Ans. Sounds produced with the tongue against the upper front teeth e.g. the initial sound of ‘thin’ and the final sound of ‘bath’. Symbol used for it is known as theta
Q. What are Alveolars?
Ans. Speech sounds made with the tongue touching the part of the mouth behind the upper front teeth e.g. t, d, s, z
Q. What are Palatals?
Ans. A speech sound made by placing the tongue against or near the hard palate of mouth e.g. Sh and ch sounds in shout and child
Q. What are Velars?
Ans. Speech sounds made with the back part of the tongue against the soft palate e.g. k, g
Q. What is Dorsum?
Ans. The back part of the tongue is called Dorsum
Q. What is Velum?
Ans. The back part of the roof of the mouth is called Velum
Q. The ng sound in sing, sang is called?
Q. What is Glottis?
Ans. The space between the vocal cords
Q. What are Glottal sounds?
Ans. A speech sound produced in the space between the vocal cords e.g. h in hat
Q. What is Stop OR Plosive?
Ans. A speech sound made by stopping the flow of air coming out of the mouth and then suddenly releasing it
Q. Examples of Stops OR Plosives?
Ans. The sounds [p], [t], and [k] are voiceless stops (also called plosives). The sounds [b], [d], and [g] are voiced stops
Q. What are Fricatives?
Ans. A speech sound made by forcing breath out through a narrow space in the mouth e.g. f and v sounds
Q. What are Affricates?
Ans. A speech sound that is made up of a stop and followed immediately by fricative e.g. J sound in jeep and ch sound in cheap
Q. What are Nasals?
Ans. Speech sounds produced by sending a stream of air through the nose e.g m, n and ng in ring
Q. What are Liquids?
Ans. A speech sound produced by letting air flow around the sides of the tongue e.g. The first sound in the word lip
Q. What are Glides?
Ans. Speech sounds made while moving the tongue from one position to another e.g. the sounds w and j
Q. What is Glottal Stop?
Ans. A sonud produced when the air passing through the glottis is stopped completely then released e.g. try saying the expression oh oh
Q. What is a Flap?
Ans. If you pronounce the word ‘butter’ in a way that is close to the word ‘budder’, then you are making a flap
Q. How is a Flap produced?
Ans. It is a sound produced with the tongue tip briefly touching the alveolar ridge
Q. Difference between consonants and vowels?
Ans. Consonants are articulated via closure in the vocal tract while vowels are produced with a free flow of the air
Q. What are Front Vowels?
Ans. These are produced with the front part of the tongue for example in the words beat, bet, fist
Q. What are Central Vowels?
Ans. These are produced with the central part of the tongue for example in the words butt and tough
Q. What are Back Vowels?
Ans. These are produced with the back part of the tongue for example in the words book and put
Q. Back vowels are also called?
Ans. Dark vowels
Q. What is Diphthong?
Ans. It is a sound formed by two adjacent vowel sounds occurring within the same syllable e.g. Oil, rain, break
Q. Diphthongs are also called?
Ans. Gliding vowels… Because we move our tongue from one position to another
Q. What is Monophthong?
Ans. A single vowel such as a,e,i,o,u is called monophthong for example in the words bet and kit
Q. What is Triphthong?
Ans. It is a union of three sounds in a single syllable e.g. eau in beautiful
Q. The front edge of the tongue is called?
Q. First difference between phonetics and phonology is?
Ans. Phonetics is the study of human sounds while phonology is the classification of sounds in a particular language
Q. Second difference between phonetics and phonology is?
Ans. Phonetics belongs to descriptive linguistics while phonology belongs to theoretical linguistics
Q. Third difference between phonetics and phonology is?
Ans. Phonetics has limited scope while phonology has broader scope
Q. How many categories of sounds are there?
Ans. Three… Phones, phonemes and allophones
Q. What are phones?
Ans. Phones are general human sounds irrespective of their place in the sound system of a language
Q. What are phonemes?
Ans. The smallest unit of speech that can be used to make one word different from another word e.g. c and b are different phonemes in the words cat and bat
Q. What are allophones?
Ans. One of two or more variants of the same phoneme. The aspirated ‘p’ of pin and the unaspirated ‘p’ of spin are allophones of the phoneme p
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