Here are all phonology MCQ’s for you!
Q. The study of the systems and patterns of speech sounds is?
Q. Phonology is based on the theory that?
Ans. Every speaker of a language unconsciously knows about the sound patterns of that language
Q. Phonology is about?
Ans. The general sounds i.e. when we think of the ‘t’ sound in the words “tar, star, writer” as being the same, we actually mean that phonologically although phonetically they are different
Q. What is used to indicate phoneme in abstract?
Ans. Slash marks e.g. /t/, /k/
Q. What is used to indicate each physically produced sound also called stops or plosives?
Ans. Square brackets as in [t], [k]
Q. An essential property of phoneme is that?
Ans. It functions contrastively e.g. the phonemes /f/ and /v/ in fat and vat.. Meaning changes if we substitute f or v
Q. What is phoneme?
Ans. The smallest unit of speech that can be used to make one word different from another word e.g. c and b are different phonemes in the words cat and bat
Q. In phonology what do we use in charts for an existing feature or missing feature?
Ans. Plus + and Minus – respectively… e.g. +voice for voiced sounds and -voice for voiceless
Q. What are aspirated speech sounds?
Ans. aspirated sounds are pronounced with a forceful expulsion of air e.g. p, t and k in pat, top and keel
Q. Nasal sounds in English are represented by a small mark called?
Q. What is minimal pair?
Ans. Two or more words that are identical in form except for a contrast in one phoneme in the same position in each word e.g. bad, mad
Q. What is Phonotactics?
Ans. Constraints on the permissible combination of phonemes in a language e.g. we can never have words like “fsig” or “rnig”
Q. What is syllable?
Ans. Any one of the parts into which a word is naturally divided when it is pronounced. Each part must have a vowel e.g. the word doctor has two syllables doc and tor
Q. The basic elements of syllable are?
Ans. Three… They are Onset, Rhyme and Coda
Q. What is Onset?
Ans. The part of the syllable before the vowel e.g. ‘Cl’ in clean
Q. What is Rhyme?
Ans. The part of the syllable which consists of a vowel e.g ‘ea’ in clean
Q. What is Coda?
Ans. The part of a syllable after the vowel e.g. ‘n’ in clean
Q. What are Open Syllables?
Ans. Syllables which have Onset and Rhyme but no Coda are open syllables e.g. Me, to, no
Q. What are Closed Syllables?
Ans. Syllables which end which a consonant or coda e.g. Chit, kit, kick
Q. What is Consonant Cluster?
Ans. Two or more consonants in sequence is called Consonant Cluster e.g. st in stop
Q. What is Co-articulation?
Ans. In spoken language, the process of making one sound almost at the same time as the next sound is called Co-articulation
Q. What are the two well-known co-articulation effects?
Ans. Assimilation and Elision
Q. What is Assimilation?
Ans. The process by which one sound becomes more like a nearby sound e.g. Handbag is pronounced as hanbag
Q. What is Elision?
Ans. Elision is the omission of sounds in speech e.g. we pronounce the phrase ‘he must be’ as ‘he mus be’
Q. Assimilation and elision are parts of?
Ans. Normal speech
Q. What are phones?
Ans. Phones are general human sounds irrespective of their place in the sound system of a language
Q. What are allophones?
Ans. One of two or more variants of the same phoneme. The aspirated ‘p’ of pin and the unaspirated ‘p’ of spin are allophones of the phoneme p
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