Here is Semantics MCQs Part 01 for you!
Q. What is a semantic anomaly?
Ans. A semantic anomaly is a bit of language that does what it is meant to do, but it is abnormal.
Q. Give an example of Semantic anomaly?
Ans. The word “troblem” which combines “trouble” and “problem”
Q. What is Semantic field?
Ans. It is a set of words related in meaning. For example, child, toddler, kid, youngster
Q. Semantic field is also known as……?
Ans. Word field, lexical field, field of meaning or semantic system
Q. Semantics is also called semiotics, semiology or……….?
Q. The word Semantics has been taken from the Greek word “Sema” which means……?
Ans. Sign or signal
Q. A linguist who studies meaning and tries to understand why certain words and structures can be combined together in a semantically acceptable way is called……?
Q. What are linguistic entailments?
Ans. If a sentence A entails a sentence B, sentence A cannot be true without B being true as well.
Q. Give an example of linguistic entailment?
Ans. The English sentence “Pat is a fluffy cat” entails the sentence “Pat is a cat” since one cannot be a fluffy cat without being a cat.
Q. What is presupposition?
Ans. It is an implicit assumption about the world or background belief relating to anything
Q. Give an example of presupposition?
Ans. “Jane no longer writes fiction.” Our Presupposition may be that Jane once wrote fiction
Q. Are words like “love, truth, and hate” universals? These are the kind of crucial questions that are discussed in……..?
Ans. Cross-cultural semantics
Q. What is Semantic Role?
Ans. The part played by a noun phrase, such as the subject, in a sentence is called semantic role
Q. Semantic Roles are also called……?
Ans. Thematic Roles
Q. How many common semantic roles are there?
Ans. Seven (Linguistics MCQs Part 02)
Q. What is the first semantic role called Agent OR Doer?
Ans. Agent is the doer of an action e.g. ‘Ahmad’ in the sentence, “Ahmad called me.”
Q. What is Homograph?
Ans. A word that is written like another word but has a different meaning. Some dictionaries say their pronunciation should also be different.
Q. Give an example of homograph?
Ans. The word “watch” in:
She watches me from behind.
She likes to wear a golden watch.
Q. What helps to understand the symbols, signs and meanings of human language?
Q. In semantics, the focus is on the……..?
Ans. Conventional meaning
Q. What is conventional meaning?
Ans. Meanings that are used and accepted by most people
Q. Semantics concerns with objective and general meaning rather than…….?
Ans. Subjective and local meaning
Q. What are the three components of language?
Ans. Sound, form and meaning
Q. Every native person has a……..?
Ans. Semantic competence
Q. Other forms of Semantics include the semantics of programming languages, formal logics and……..?
Q. What is the second semantic role called Patient OR Theme?
Ans. It refers to what is acted upon by the Agent e.g. ‘boat’ in the sentence, “John steered the boat.”
Q. What is the third semantic role called Recipient OR Receiver?
Ans. It indicates a receiver in a situation e.g. ‘Ali’ in the sentence, “The children sent Ali a postcard.”
Q. Who created the terms signifier and signified?
Ans. Ferdinand De Saussure
Q. What is Signifier?
Ans. Signifier is the sound/pronunciation/ of a word or the word or the object/thing itself. It refers to the physical existence of something
Q. What is Signified?
Ans. Signified is the meaning or mental concept/image indicated by the signifier. It refers to the image that comes to our mind when we hear/read about something
Q. The study of the overall structure and history of the vocabulary of a language is called…….?
Q. What is semantics?
Ans. Semantics is the study of the meanings of words, phrases and sentences.
Q………tells us how meaning is constructed?
Q. Semantics makes the language……..?
Q. Semantics is the most…….of linguistic analysis?
Q. The sentence “Monday came before the day which followed it” cannot be accepted as meaningful. Such sentences are called…..?
Ans. Tautological statements
Q……..are created when the constituents within the sentence describe the role of the entities?
Ans. Semantic roles
Q. Meaning is in…….?
Q. The pioneer work in general semantics is……..?
Ans. Science and Sanity
Q. Semantic assumptions underlying the scientific method of the 20th century are……?
Ans. The map is not the territory; a fact is a rapidly aging event; the “universe” is a verb
Q. General semantics is most based on the principles of……?
Q. Structure, order, relations are terms in general semantics?
Q. What is Conceptual meaning?
Ans. The basic meaning conveyed by words e.g. the word “Needle” means “thin, sharp, steel instrument”
Q. Conceptual meaning is also called……?
Ans. Denotative meaning which means dictionary meaning
Q. What is Associative meaning?
Ans. The type of meaning that people connect with words e.g. the word “Needle” may be associated with “pain, illness, blood, drugs or knitting”
Q. Associative meaning is also called…….?
Ans. Connotative meaning which means what the words actually connote in different situations
Q. What is the fourth semantic role called Instrument?
Ans. It identifies the entity that is used to perform an action e.g. ‘Razor’ in the sentence, “The boy cut the rope with a razor.”
Q. How many levels OR subsystems of Linguistics are there according to Hockett
Q. What are the five levels OR subsystems of Linguistics according to Hockett?
Ans. The grammatical system, the phonological system, the morphemic system, the semantic system, the phonemic system
Q. There are…….types of meaning?
Q. What are the seven types of meaning?
Ans. Conceptual, connotative, stylistic, affective, reflected, collocative and thematic meaning.
Q. What is collocative meaning?
Ans. In collocative meaning, a particular word goes with another particular word. For example, “boy” collocates with “handsome” (Handsome boy) “Girl” collocates with “pretty” (pretty girl)
Q. When we say the same thing in different ways, the………is created?
Ans. Stylistic meaning
Q. Give an example of stylistic meaning?
Ans. “He died, he expired, he passed away, he left for heavenly aboard.” In these sentences the same meaning has been expressed in different styles.
Q. In semantics,……..is a phenomenon whereby a single word or phrase is associated with more than one sense or meaning?
Ans. Reflected meaning
Q. Give an example of reflected meaning?
Ans. The word “intercourse.” It is by reason of its frequent collocation with ‘sexual’ trends that the word “intercourse” is now avoided in other contexts.
Q. The term reflected meaning was coined by linguist…….?
Ans. Geoffrey Leech
Q. What is emotive meaning?
Ans. It refers to the effects of words evoked in the reader/listener.
Q. Give an example of emotive meaning?
Ans. The effect of the word “Home” on a soldier and of the word “mother” on a motherless child
Q. The ways we order our message also convey what is important and what not. This is basically…….?
Ans. Thematic meaning
Q. A set of lexemes/words which cover a certain conceptual domain and which bear certain specifiable relations to one another is called?
Ans. Semantic field
Q. Who defined semantic field as, “A set of lexemes which cover a certain conceptual domain and which bear certain specifiable relations to one another?”
Ans. Linguist Adrienne Lehrer
Q. What is the fifth semantic role called Experimenter?
Ans. It is the entity that has the feeling e.g. ‘The Boy’ in the sentence, “The Boy feels bad.”
Q. What is the sixth semantic role called Source?
Ans. It identifies where an entity moves from e.g. ‘The House’ in the sentence, “The Boy ran from the house.”
Q. What is the seventh semantic role called Goal?
Ans. It identifies where an entity moves to e.g. The Window in the sentence, “The boy walked to the window.”
Q. Does a semantic role change in passive voice?
Ans. No, because nothing changes in the real world e.g. “John steered the boat” becomes “The boat was steered by John.” Still John is the Agent
Q. What is connotative meaning?
Ans. It is the suggestive and figurative meaning of a word e.g. She is feeling blue. Here “blue” means ‘sad’
Q. The phrase, ‘A Summer’s day’ in Shakespeare’s verse “Shall I Compare Thee To A Summer’s Day” is a classic example of?
Q. What is Slang?
Ans. It is an informal language. It consists of words that are not a part of standard vocabulary or language, and which are used informally e.g. You are so hungry that you are angry!
Q. Slang is also called?
Ans. Colloquial speech
Q. It is the study of the relationship between words and how we draw meaning from those words. What?
Q. The branch of linguistics and logic concerned with meaning is called…….?
Q. Semantics can address meaning at the levels of words, phrases, sentences, or………?
Ans. Larger units of discourse
Q. What is compositional semantics about?
Ans. It is about how smaller parts, like words, combine and interact to form the meaning of larger expressions such as sentences.
Q. What is lexical semantics?
Ans. It is the study of how “words” structure their meaning, how they act in grammar and compositionality, and the relationships between the distinct senses and uses of a word.
Q. Lexical semantics is also known as…….?
Q. What is Synonymy?
Ans. The lexical relation in which two or more words have very closely related meanings e.g. ‘Conceal’ is a synonym of ‘Hide’
Q. What is Antonymy?
Ans. The lexical relation in which words have opposite meanings e.g. ‘Shallow’ is an Antonym of ‘Deep’
Q. What is meant by Semantic Features in Semantics?
Ans. Semantic features are basic elements used in the analysis of words. Plus or minus is used for availability or non-availability of a feature respectively
Q. Give an example of semantic features?
Ans. A horse will be +animate, -human, -female, +adult
(plus means the feature is present, minus means the feature is missing)
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