Here is Semantics MCQs Part 02 for you!
(Semantics MCQs Part 01)
Q. Those words which are actively used by us are known as?
Ans. Active vocabulary
Q………has been defined as the study of how languages organize and express meanings?
Q. The term Semantics was coined by French linguist……..?
Ans. Michel Bréal
Q. Who is commonly regarded as a founder of modern Semantics?
Ans. Michel Bréal
Q. The two main areas of Semantics are logical semantics and……?
Ans. Lexical semantics
Q. Logical semantics is concerned with matters such as sense and reference and presupposition and……?
Q. Lexical semantics is concerned with the analysis of word meanings and……..between them?
(Linguistics MCQs Part 09)
Q. Give an example of a semantically incorrect sentence?
Ans. “The horse is reading the newspaper.”
(This sentence is structurally correct but semantically incorrect)
Q. What are Gradable Antonyms?
Ans. Words with opposite meanings along a scale e.g. small-medium-large-extra large
Q. What are Non-gradable Antonyms?
Ans. Words which are direct opposites e.g. alive-dead
(30,000+ Idioms With Examples)
(Advanced Spoken English Course)
Q. How many subfields of linguistics are there?
Q. What are the seven subfields of linguistics?
Ans. Phonetics, Phonology, Morphology, Syntax, Semantics, Pragmatics, Discourse Analysis
Q. Technical vocabulary associated with a particular group or field is called?
Q. Give two examples of jargon?
Ans. (1) I need a script in order to pick up the medicine. medical jargon for “prescription” I need a nurse to room 12 stat.
[medical jargon for “in a hurry”]
Q. Thoughts, concepts and sense come in…..of a word?
Q. In…….., language is explained via general human cognitive abilities rather than a domain-specific language module?
Ans. Cognitive Semantics
Q. Pen names are known as……..?
Q. Ferdinand De Saussure used……..and thought?
Q. Sound, according to Saussure, is…….?
(Linguistics MCQs Part 08)
Q. Thought, according to Saussure, is……..?
(50,000+ English Literature MCQs)
(Advanced Grammar MCQs)
Q. Thing, according to Saussure, is……..?
Q. Characterizing the meaning of words in terms of its relationship to other words e.g. synonymy, antonymy, and hyponymy is called…….?
Ans. Lexical relationships
Q. Meaning which a speaker or writer intends but it is not communicated directly is called…….?
Q. White as symbol of peace refers to…….?
Ans. Conventional meaning
Q. What is Hyponymy?
Ans. The lexical relation in which the meaning of one word is included in the meaning of another word e.g. “daffodil” is a hyponym of “flower” because “flower” is common name for different flowers
Q. What are Co-hyponyms?
Ans. Two or more words that share the same broader category are co-hyponyms e.g. “dog” and “horse” are co-hyponyms as both are animals
Q. What is Superordinate?
Ans. Superordinate means higher-level term e.g. dog and horse both have the same Superordinate “Animal”
Q. What is Prototype?
Ans. The most common example of a category is called prototype e.g. “Robin” is the prototype of “bird”
Q. Which field helps in understanding the conceptual and associated meanings?
(Linguistics MCQs Part 07)
Q. What is Lexicology?
Ans. It studies the stock of words
in a given language
(stock of words means the lexicon OR vocabulary)
(20,000+ Linguistics MCQs)
(American Literature MCQs)
Ans. The process of writing, editing and compiling a dictionary
Q. What is Etymology?
Ans. The study of the origin of words and the way in which their meanings have changed throughout history
Q. The key concept of Michael Halliday’s Systemic Functional Grammar is?
Ans. The function of language is to make meanings; meanings are influenced by societies and cultures
Q. In what three different ways is language analyzed in Systemic Functional Grammar (SFG)?
Ans. Semantics, phonology and lexicogrammar
( lexicogrammar means vocabulary + grammar)
Q. The main difference between Early Modern English and Late Modern English is?
Q. What is Coinage?
Ans. The invention of new words e.g. “xerox”
Q. The most typical sources of Coinage are?
Ans. Commercial products that become general terms e.g. aspirin, nylon, zipper
Q. The most salient contemporary example of Coinage is?
Ans. The word “Google” which is originally a misspelling for the word “googol”
Q. What helps to create and maintain relations among those who see themselves as insiders and to exclude outsiders?
(Semantics MCQs Part 01)
Q. “The children ran from the playground to the pool.” Find out the three agents in this sentence?
Ans. The children (agent), playground (source), pool (goal)
(Indian English Literature MCQs)
Q. Meaning of words may be lexical or…….?
Q. What is lexical semantics?
Ans. It refers to “word meaning and relatedness”
Q. Sentential semantics is also called……?
Ans. Phrasal semantics
Q. What is sentential or phrasal semantics?
Ans. It refers to “phrasal meaning and relatedness”
Q. We can describe the meanings of different words through…….?
Ans. Semantic features
(History 0f Modern Linguistics MCQs)
Q. What is meant by Semantic Features in Semantics?
Ans. Basic elements such as ‘human’ which is written as plus (+human) or minus (-human) in the analysis of words.
Q. What are Homophones?
Ans. Two or more words with different spellings and meanings but the same pronunciation e.g. “to” “too” “two”
Q. What are Homonyms?
Ans. Two words with the same spellings and pronunciation but different meanings e.g. mole (which is on skin) and mole
(which is an animal)
Q. What is Polysemy?
Ans. A word having two or more related meanings e.g. foot of a person, of bed, of mountain
Q. Homophones, homonyms and Polysemy are mostly used for…….?
Q. What is Metonymy?
Ans. A word used in place of another word with which it is closely connected in everyday experience e.g. Hollywood is used for English movies while it is actually a district of USA
Q. What is semantic ambiguity?
Ans. Semantic ambiguity occurs whenever one or more words within a sentence can be understood as having two or more distinct meanings.
Q. Give an example of semantic ambiguity?
Ans. “He stood on the bank”
Q. Carrot is the hyponym of……..?
Q. Words of same class are known as……?
Q……..is using one to refer to the other?
Q. Antonyms are divided into……main types?
(Gradable and non-gradable)
Q. This letter comes from Chicago. Here Chicago is…….?
Q. Core or central meaning of a word or lexeme is called…….?
(History of Linguistics MCQs Part 02)
Q. What is Collocation?
Ans. Words that frequently occur together e.g. salt and pepper
Q. The basic principle of Lexicography is…..?
Q. What is lexicography?
Ans. It is the process of writing, editing and compiling a dictionary
Q. The soul of language is…….?
Q. Words are not only associated with situations but also with……..?
Ans. Other words
Q. Denotative meaning is also called…..?
Ans. Conceptual meaning
Q. Generally, what three components make up a system of a typical language?
Ans. Phonology, Syntax, and Semantics
Q. What are the main linguistic levels?
Ans. Phonology, Morphology, Syntax, and Semantics
Q. Associative meaning is also called?
Ans. Connotative meaning which means what the words actually connote in different situations
(Semantics MCQs Part 01)
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