Here is To Kill a Mockingbird Summary for you!
To Kill a Mockingbird Summary Chapter 1:
This story is narrated by a young girl named Jean Louise Finch. She is always called by her nickname, Scout. She starts by telling her family history. The first of her ancestors to come to America was Simon Finch. He fled England to escape religious persecution. He established a successful farm on the banks of the Alabama River. The farm was called Finch’s Landing. It supported the family for many years. The first persons to earn through the farm were Scout’s father Atticus Finch and his brother Jack Finch. Scout’s father became a lawyer in the nearby town of Maycomb and her uncle went to medical school in Boston. Their sister, Scout’s paternal aunt named Alexandra Finch, stayed to run the Landing.
Scout’s father Atticus Finch makes a solid living in Maycomb. He lives with Jem and Scout on Maycomb’s main street. Jem is the elder brother of Scout. He is four years older than Scout. Their cook is an old black woman named Calpurnia. She helps to raise the children and keep the house. Atticus’s wife died when Scout was two, so Scout does not remember her mother well. But Jem has memories of their mother that sometimes make him unhappy.
One day a boy who calls himself Dill comes to stay for the summer with his aunt. His aunt is the neighbor of Scout and Jem. Scout, Jem, and Dill become playmates. One day Dill suggests that they should make their neighbor Boo Radley come out of his house. According to people, Boo was crazy. He does not come out of his house.
Dill dares Jem to run over and touch the house of Boo. Jem touches and runs back hastily.
(Tennyson MCQs Part 02)
(30,000+ Idioms With Examples)
(Advanced Spoken English Course)
To Kill a Mockingbird Summary Chapter 2:
Scout prepares to go to school for the first time. At school, she finds that her teacher Miss Caroline Fisher deals poorly with children. Walter Cunningham, a boy in Scout’s class, has not brought a lunch. Miss Caroline offers him money to buy lunch. She told him to pay her back tomorrow. Scout knows that Walter’s family is large and poor and he will never be able to pay the teacher back or bring a lunch to school. When Scout attempts to explain these circumstances, Miss Caroline slaps Scout’s hand with a ruler.
To Kill a Mockingbird Summary Chapter 3:
Jem invites the poor Walter to lunch. Scout does not prove herself to be a good hostess.
Atticus goes outside to ask Scout if something is wrong. She responds that she is not feeling well.
She tells him that she will not go to school anymore and suggests that he could teach her himself. Atticus replies that the law demands that she go to school, but he promises to keep reading to her, as long as she does not tell her teacher about it.
To Kill a Mockingbird Summary Chapter 4:
After school one day, Scout passes Radley Place and sees something sticking out of a knothole in one of the Radleys’ oak trees. Scout reaches into the knothole and discovers two pieces of chewing gum.
Summer comes, school ends, and Dill returns to Maycomb. He, Scout, and Jem begin their games again. One of the first things they do is roll one another inside an old tire. Atticus catches them and asks if their game has anything to do with the Radleys. Jem lies, and Atticus goes back into the house. The kids wonder if it’s safe to play their game anymore.
(Preposition Quiz Part 03)
(50,000+ English Literature MCQs)
(Advanced Grammar MCQs)
To Kill a Mockingbird Summary Chapter 5:
Jem and Dill grow closer. Scout starts spending much of her time with one of their neighbors: Miss Maudie. She is a widow with a talent for gardening and cake baking. She was a childhood friend of Atticus’s brother, Jack. She tells Scout that Boo Radley is still alive and it is her theory that Boo is the victim of a harsh father. Miss Maudie adds that Boo was always polite and friendly as a child. She says that most of the rumors about him are false. She says that if he wasn’t crazy as a boy, he probably is by now.
Meanwhile, Jem and Dill plan to give a note to Boo inviting him out to get ice cream with them. They try to stick the note in a window of the Radley Place, but Atticus catches them and orders them to “stop tormenting that man.”
To Kill a Mockingbird Summary Chapter 6:
Jem and Dill obey Atticus until Dill’s last day in Maycomb. They visit Radley Place. Scout accompanies them. They look through various windows. Suddenly, they see the shadow of a man with a hat on. They hear a shotgun go off behind them. They escape under the fence by the schoolyard, but Jem’s pants get caught on the fence. He leaves his pants there in order to free himself.
The children return home.
(20,000+ Linguistics MCQs)
(American Literature MCQs)
When Atticus asks Jem where his pants are, Dill intervenes that he won Jem’s pants in a game of strip poker. Alarmed, Atticus asks them if they were playing cards. Jem responds in no. Late that night, Jem visits the Radley Place stealthily and gets his pants back.
To Kill a Mockingbird Summary Chapter 7:
Jem tells Scout that he found the pants mended and hung neatly over the fence. When they come home from school that day, they find another present hidden in the knothole. Late that fall, another present appears in the knothole. The next day, Jem and Scout find that the knothole has been filled with cement. When Jem asks Mr. Radley (Nathan Radley, Boo’s brother) about the knothole the following day, Mr. Radley replies that he plugged the knothole because the tree is dying.
To Kill a Mockingbird Summary Chapter 8:
It snows. Scout and Jem build a small figure out of dirt and cover it with snow.
That night, Atticus wakes Scout and helps her put on her bathrobe and coat. He goes outside with her and Jem. Miss Maudie’s house is on fire. The neighbors help her save her furniture, and the fire truck arrives in time to stop the fire from spreading to other houses, but Miss Maudie’s house burns to the ground. In the confusion, someone puts a blanket on Scout. When Atticus later asks her about it, she has no idea who put it over her. Jem realizes that Boo Radley put it on her, and he reveals the whole story of the knothole, the presents, and the mended pants to Atticus. Atticus tells them to keep it to themselves.
Miss Maudie is cheerful the next day. She says that she wishes she had been there when Boo put the blanket on Scout to catch him in the act.
(Indian English Literature MCQs)
To Kill a Mockingbird Summary Chapter 9:
At school, Scout nearly starts a fight with a classmate named Cecil Jacobs after Cecil declares that Atticus defends black people. Atticus has been asked to defend Tom Robinson, a black man accused of raping a white woman. It is a case he cannot hope to win, but Atticus tells Scout that he must argue it. (Atticus is a lawyer)
At Christmastime, Atticus’s brother, Jack, comes to stay with Atticus for a week during the holidays. On Christmas Day, Atticus takes his children and Jack to Finch’s Landing where Atticus’s sister, Alexandra, and her husband live. There, Scout meets Francis, Alexandra’s grandson, who had been dropped off at Finch’s Landing for the holiday. Scout thinks Francis is the most “boring” child she has ever met.
One night, Francis belittles Atticus by saying that Atticus sympathizes with black people. Scout curses Francis and beats him up.
Francis tells Alexandra and Uncle Jack that Scout hit him, and Uncle Jack spanks Scout without hearing her side of the story. Later Scout overhears Atticus telling Jack that Tom Robinson is innocent but doomed since it’s inconceivable that an all-white jury would ever acquit him.
To Kill a Mockingbird Summary Chapter 10:
One day, a mad dog appears. Calpurnia calls Atticus, who returns home with Heck Tate, the sheriff of Maycomb. Heck brings a rifle and asks Atticus to shoot the animal. To Jem and Scout’s amazement, Atticus does so, hitting the dog with his first shot despite his considerable distance from the dog.
To Kill a Mockingbird Summary Chapter 11:
In Maycomb is the house of Mrs. Dubose, an old lady who always shouts at Jem and Scout as they pass by. Atticus warns Jem to be a gentleman to her because she is old and sick, but one day she belittles Atticus and Jem loses his temper. Jem takes a baton from Scout and destroys all of Mrs. Dubose’s camellia bushes. As punishment, Jem must go to her house every day for a month and read to her. Mrs. Dubose dies a little more than a month after Jem’s punishment ends. Atticus gives Jem a box that Mrs. Dubose had given her maid for Jem; in it lies a single white camellia.
To Kill a Mockingbird Summary Chapter 12:
Calpurnia decides to take the children to her church on Sunday. One woman, Lula, criticizes Calpurnia for bringing white children to church, but the congregation is generally friendly, and Reverend Sykes welcomes them, saying that everyone knows their father. Tom Robinson’s wife Helen is also present. Scout learns that Tom Robinson has been accused of rape by Bob Ewell and cannot understand why anyone would believe the words of Bob Ewell.
To Kill a Mockingbird Summary Chapter 13:
Aunt Alexandra is extremely proud of the Finches and spends much of her time discussing the characteristics of the various families in Maycomb. This “family consciousness” is an integral part of life in Maycomb, an old town where the same families have lived for generations.
However, Jem and Scout lack the pride that Aunt Alexandra considers commensurate with being a Finch. She orders Atticus to lecture them on the subject of their ancestry.
To Kill a Mockingbird Summary Chapter 14:
The upcoming trial of Tom Robinson and Atticus’s role as his defense lawyer make Jem and Scout the objects of whispers and glances whenever they go to town. Aunt Alexandra tries to convince Atticus to get rid of Calpurnia, saying that they no longer need her. Atticus refuses. That night, Jem tells Scout not to antagonize Alexandra. Scout gets angry at being lectured and attacks Jem. Atticus breaks up the fight and sends them to bed. Scout discovers something under her bed. She calls Jem in and they discover Dill hiding there.
Dill has run away from home because his mother and new father did not pay enough attention to him. He took a train from Meridian to Maycomb. Jem goes down the hall and tells Atticus. Atticus asks Scout to get more food for Dill. Dill eats, then gets into Jem’s bed to sleep, but soon gets into Scout’s bed to talk things over.
To Kill a Mockingbird Summary Chapter 15:
A week after Dill’s arrival, a group of men led by the sheriff, Heck Tate, come to Atticus’s house in the evening. As his trial is nearing, Tom Robinson is to be moved to the Maycomb jail. One evening, Atticus takes the car into town. At about ten o’clock, Jem, Scout, and Dill follow Jem to the town center. From a distance, they see Atticus sitting in front of the Maycomb jail, reading a newspaper.
At that moment, four cars drive into Maycomb and park near the jail. A group of men gets out, and one demands that Atticus move away from the jailhouse door. Atticus refuses, and Scout suddenly comes next door. She realizes that this group of men differs from the group that came to their house the previous night. Jem and Dill follow her, and Atticus orders Jem to go home. Jem refuses, and one of the men tells Atticus that he has fifteen seconds to get his children to leave.
Meanwhile, Scout looks around the group and recognizes Mr. Cunningham, the father of her classmate Walter Cunningham.
(Gulliver’s Travels MCQs Part 02)
She starts talking to him. She asks him to tell his son “hey.” All of the men stare at her. Mr. Cunningham, suddenly ashamed, squats down and tells Scout that he will tell his son “hey” for her, and then tells his companions to clear out.
To Kill a Mockingbird Summary Chapter 16:
The trial begins the next day. People from all over the county flood the town. Everyone makes an appearance in the courtroom.
The vast crowd camps in the town square to eat lunch. Afterward, Jem, Scout, and Dill wait for most of the crowd to enter the courthouse so that they can also sit without Atticus noticing them. Reverend Sykes lets them sit in the balcony where Black people are required to sit in order to watch the trial. From their seats, they can see the whole courtroom. Judge Taylor, presides over the case.
To Kill a Mockingbird Summary Chapter 17:
The prosecutor, Mr. Gilmer, questions Heck Tate. Heck, Tate tells that on the night of November 21, Bob Ewell urged him to go to the Ewell house and told him that his daughter Mayella had been raped. When Tate got there, he found Mayella bruised and beaten, and she told him that Tom Robinson had raped her. Atticus cross-examines the witness. The witness admits that no doctor was summoned, and tells Atticus that Mayella’s bruises were on the right side of her face. Tate leaves the stand, and Bob Ewell is called.
An extremely rude little man, Bob Ewell testifies that one evening he was coming out of the woods with a load of kindling when he heard his daughter yelling. When he reached the house, he looked in the window and saw Tom Robinson raping her. Robinson fled, and Bob Ewell went into the house, saw that his daughter was all right. He ran for the sheriff. Atticus’s cross-examination is brief: he asks Mr. Ewell why no doctor was called. When the witness writes his name, the jury sees that Bob Ewell is left-handed and a left-handed man would be more likely to leave bruises on the right side of a girl’s face.
To Kill a Mockingbird Summary Chapter 18:
The trial continues. Mayella, who testifies next, is a clean and terrified nineteen-year-old girl. She says that she called Tom Robinson inside the fence that evening and told him to break up a dresser for her and that once he got inside the house he grabbed her and took advantage of her. In Atticus’s cross-examination, Mayella reveals that her life consists of seven unhelpful siblings, a drunken father, and no friends.
Atticus then examines her testimony and asks why she didn’t put up a better fight, why her screams didn’t bring the other children running, and, most important, how Tom Robinson managed the crime: how he bruised the right side of her face with his useless left hand since childhood. Atticus pleads with Mayella to admit that there was no rape, that her father beat her. She shouts at him and yells that the courtroom would have to be a bunch of cowards not to convict Tom Robinson; she then bursts into tears, refusing to answer any more questions. The prosecution rests, and Atticus calls only one witness—Tom Robinson.
To Kill a Mockingbird Summary Chapter 19:
Tom testifies that he always passed the Bob Ewell house on the way to work and that Mayella often asked him to do chores for her. He tells that one evening she asked him to come inside the house and fix a door. When he got inside, there was nothing wrong with the door, and he noticed that the other children were gone. Mayella told him she had saved her money and sent them all to buy ice cream. Then she asked him to lift a box down from a dresser. When Tom climbed on a chair, she grabbed his legs, scaring him so much that he jumped down. She then hugged him around the waist and asked him to kiss her. As she struggled, her father appeared at the window, calling Mayella a whore and threatening to kill her. Tom fled.
Link Deas, Tom’s white employer, stands up and declares that in eight years of work, he has never had any trouble from Tom. Judge Taylor furiously expels Link Deas from the courtroom for interrupting. Mr. Gilmer gets up and cross-examines Tom. The prosecutor points out that the defendant was once arrested for disorderly conduct. He makes Tom admit that he has the strength, even with one hand, to choke the breath out of a woman. Asking about his motives for always helping Mayella with her chores. Tom declares that he felt sorry for her. While in Maycomb, black people aren’t supposed to feel sorry for a white person. Mr. Gilmer reviews Mayella’s testimony. He accuses Tom of lying about everything. Dill begins to cry, and Scout takes him out of the courtroom.
To Kill a Mockingbird Summary Chapter 20:
When Dill and Scout return to the courtroom, Atticus is making his closing remarks. He has finished going over the evidence and now makes a personal appeal to the jury. He points out that the prosecution has produced no medical evidence of the crime. Moreover, the physical evidence suggests that Bob Ewell, not Tom Robinson, beat Mayella. He tells that Manella tried to conceal her shame by accusing him of rape after being caught. Atticus begs the jury to avoid this assumption that all black people are criminals and to deliver justice by freeing Tom Robinson. As soon as Atticus finishes, Calpurnia comes into the courtroom.
To Kill a Mockingbird Summary Chapter 21:
Calpurnia hands Atticus a note telling him that his children have not been home since noon. Mr. Underwood says that Jem and Scout are on the balcony. Atticus tells them to go home and have supper. They beg to be allowed to hear the verdict but Atticus says that they can return after supper.
Calpurnia marches Jem, Scout, and Dill home.
They eat quickly and return. Jem is confident of victory, while Dill has fallen asleep. Finally, after eleven that night, the jury enters. The jury delivers its verdict against Tom Robinson. The courtroom begins to empty, and as Atticus goes out, everyone in the “colored” balcony rises in a gesture of respect.
(colored balcony is for black people)
To Kill a Mockingbird Summary Chapter 22:
The next day, Maycomb’s black population delivers an avalanche of food to the Finch household. Miss Maudie invites the children for some cake. Jem complains that he thought that these people were the best in the world, but, having seen the trial, he doesn’t think so anymore. As the children leave Miss Maudie’s house, Miss Stephanie runs over to tell them that Bob Ewell accosted their father that morning, spat on him, and swore revenge.
To Kill a Mockingbird Summary Chapter 23:
Bob Ewell’s threats are worrisome to everyone except Atticus. Atticus tells Jem and Scout that because he made Bob Ewell look like a fool, Bob Ewell needed to get revenge. Meanwhile, Tom Robinson has been sent to another prison seventy miles away. Atticus feels that his client has a good chance of being pardoned. When Scout asks what will happen if Tom loses, Atticus replies that Tom will go to the electric chair because rape is a capital offense in Alabama.
To Kill a Mockingbird Summary Chapter 24:
One day in August, Aunt Alexandra invites her missionary circle to tea. Scout helps Calpurnia bring in the tea, and Alexandra invites Scout to stay with the ladies. Suddenly, Atticus appears and calls Alexandra to the kitchen. There he tells her, Scout, Calpurnia, and Miss Maudie that Tom Robinson attempted to escape and was shot seventeen times. He takes Calpurnia with him to tell the Robinson family of Tom’s death.
To Kill a Mockingbird Summary Chapter 25:
Jem had convinced Atticus to let him accompany them to Helen Robinson’s house, where they saw her collapse even before Atticus could say that her husband, Tom, was dead. Meanwhile, the news occupies Maycomb’s attention for about two days, and everyone agrees that it is typical for a black man to do something irrational like try to escape. Mr. Underwood writes a long editorial condemning Tom’s death as the murder of an innocent man. Summer ends and Dill leaves.
To Kill a Mockingbird Summary Chapter 26:
School starts, and Jem and Scout again begin to pass by the Radley Place every day. Scout wishes to see Boo Radley just once. Meanwhile, the shadow of the trial still hangs over her.
She tells Jem how her teacher can preach about equality and justice after the murder of Tom Robinson by whites. Jem becomes furious and tells Scout never to mention the trial to him again.
To Kill a Mockingbird Summary Chapter 27:
By the middle of October, Bob Ewell gets a job with the WPA which is one of the Depression job programs, and loses it a few days later. He blames Atticus for making him jobless. Also in the middle of October, Judge Taylor is home alone and hears someone prowling around. Bob Ewell then begins to follow Helen Robinson to work, keeping his distance but whispering obscenities at her. These events worry Aunt Alexandra. She points out that Bob Ewell seems to have a grudge against everyone connected with the case.
To Kill a Mockingbird Summary Chapter 28:
On the walk back home from school, Jem hears noises behind him and Scout. They think it must be Cecil Jacobs trying to frighten them, but when they call out to him, they hear no reply. They have almost reached the road when their pursuer begins running after them. Jem screams for Scout to run, but in the dark, she loses her balance and falls. She hears struggling behind her. Jem then breaks free and drags Scout almost all the way to the road. Their assailant pulls Jem back. Scout hears a crunching sound and Jem screams; she runs toward him but she is grabbed and squeezed. Suddenly, her attacker is pulled away. She stumbles toward home, and sees, in the light of the streetlamp, a man carrying Jem toward her house.
Scout reaches home, and Aunt Alexandra goes to call Dr. Reynolds. Atticus calls Heck Tate, telling him that someone has attacked his children. Alexandra tells Scout that Jem is only unconscious, not dead. Dr. Reynolds then arrives and goes into Jem’s room. When he comes out, he informs Scout that Jem has a broken arm and a bump on his head, but that he will be all right.
Scout goes in to see Jem. The man who carried him home is in the room, but she does not recognize him. Heck Tate appears and tells Atticus that Bob Ewell is lying under a tree, dead, with a knife stuck under his ribs.
To Kill a Mockingbird Summary Chapter 29:
Scout tells everyone what she heard and saw. When Scout gets to the point in the story where Jem was picked up and carried home, she turns to the man in the corner and really looks at him for the first time. He is pale, with torn clothes, a thin face, and colorless eyes. She realizes that it is Boo Radley.
To Kill a Mockingbird Summary Chapter 30:
Heck insists on calling the death an accident, but Atticus thinks that Jem killed Bob Ewell. He doesn’t want his son protected from the law. Heck corrects him by saying that Bob Ewell fell on his knife and Jem didn’t kill him. Although he knows that Boo is the one who stabbed Bob Ewell, Heck wants to hush up the whole affair.
Tom Robinson died for no reason, he says, and now the man responsible is dead.
To Kill a Mockingbird Summary Chapter 31:
Scout takes Boo upstairs to say goodnight to Jem and then walks him home. Boo goes inside his house, and she never sees him again. She returns home and finds Atticus sitting in Jem’s room. He reads one of Jem’s books to her until she falls asleep.
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