Verb Preposition OR Prepositional Verbs l ELP

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Certain verbs require prepositions in order to connect to the objects of their sentences. These combinations of “verb+ preposition” are known as “Prepositional Verbs” or “Verb Preposition”. These combinations allow the prepositions to act as necessary links between verbs and nouns/gerunds. The prepositions used in these combinations are sometimes called “Dependent Prepositions”.
Prepositional Verbs always take a direct object after the preposition and cannot be separated by it.
For example:
✔️ He listens to classical music every night.
(Correct — the prepositional verb “listens to” is not separated, and the object “classical music” comes directly after the preposition “to”)
❌ He listens classical music to every night.
(Incorrect — “listens” and its preposition “to” cannot be separated by the object, “classical music”)
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📗Difference Between Prepositional Verbs and Phrasal Verbs:

Sometimes, a phrasal verb may be mistaken for a prepositional verb. But remember that prepositional verbs use the literal meanings of verbs, whereas phrasal verbs tend to be idiomatic. For example, the meaning of the verb “ask” doesn’t change when combined with the preposition “for”. However, it changes dramatically when combined with the preposition “out”.
For example:
➡️ Kelly asked for a raise.
(the literal meaning of “asked for” is inquired about. Here “asked for” is a prepositional verb)
➡️ Kelly asked out Chad.
(“Ask out” means to invite someone on a date, so the meaning of “ask out” is idiomatic.
Similary, Word order can also help us to differentiate between prepositional verbs and phrasal verbs. Prepositional verbs can’t be separated while phrasal verbs can be separated.
✔️ Kelly asked for a raise. (correct)
✔️ Kelly asked politely for a raise. (correct)
❌ Kelly asked a raise for. (incorrect)
For phrasal verbs, prepositions and objects can often be rearranged without issue:
✔️ Kelly asked out Chad. (correct)
✔️ Kelly asked Chad out. (also correct)
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📗Examples of Prepositional Verbs:

Because there are no established rules or methods to determine which prepositions accompany which verbs, we have to memorize some of the most common verb + preposition combinations.
Here are some of the prepositions most commonly used with verbs:

📗Verbs with “for”

➡️apologize for
“Brittany never apologizes for her behavior.”
➡️ask for
“The student asked for a pencil.”
➡️beg for
“The man begged for a second chance.”
➡️care for
“I don’t care for salads.”
➡️fight for
“Many generations of people have fought for freedom.”
➡️hope for
“The family is hoping for a miracle.”
➡️long for
“The man longed for the days of his youth.”
➡️pay for
“Who’s going to pay for these tickets?”
➡️provide for
“Parents are expected to provide for their children.”
➡️search for
“Did you search for the missing piece yet?”
➡️wait for
“I’m waiting for the bus.”
➡️wish for
“Some people wish for nothing but fame.”
➡️work for
“She works for the government.”
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📗Verbs with “from”

➡️benefit from
“Aspiring musicians benefit from getting public exposure for their music.”
➡️come from
“Saya comes from Japan.”
➡️differ from
“How does milk chocolate differ from white chocolate?”
➡️escape from
“The prisoners escaped from their captors.”
➡️recover from
“The girl recovered from her illness.”
➡️refrain from
“Could you please refrain from shouting?”
➡️resign from
“The CEO resigned from her position after 25 years with the company.”
➡️retire from
“He retired from his job last year.”
➡️suffer from
“Many people suffer from social anxiety.”

📗Verbs with “in”
➡️believe in
“The majority of children believe in Santa Claus.”
➡️engage in
“Maurice likes to engage in political debates.”
➡️invest in
“Now is the time to invest in as many companies as possible.”
➡️live in
“Haley lives in Seattle.”
➡️participate in
“What sports did you participate in as a kid?”
➡️result in
“The hotel’s failure to exterminate the bed bugs resulted in fewer customers.”
➡️specialize in
“English majors can choose to specialize in creative writing or literature.”
➡️succeed in
“Steven succeeded in earning a scholarship.”
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📗Verbs with “of”

➡️approve of
“Ellen doesn’t approve of her sister’s friends.”
➡️consist of
“Pizza consists of bread, cheese, and tomato sauce.”
➡️dream of
“I dream of visiting Europe.”
➡️hear of
“Have you heard of this new TV show?”
➡️take care of
“Who will take care of your goldfish while you’re away?”
➡️think of
“If you only think of failure, you’ll never take any risks.”

📗Verbs with “on”

➡️agree on
“The committee finally agreed on a solution.”
➡️bet on
“I wouldn’t bet on that happening.”
➡️comment on
“The lawyer briefly commented on the lawsuit.”
➡️concentrate on, focus on
“He’s trying to concentrate on his work.”
“I’m too tired to focus on this assignment.”
➡️decide on
“He eventually decided on a career path.”
➡️depend on, rely on
“You can’t depend on him forever.”
“Too many students rely on the Internet to conduct research.”
➡️elaborate on
“This paragraph elaborates on the previous one’s claims.”
➡️experiment on
“The company offered assurances that it does not experiment on animals.”
➡️insist on
“She insisted on joining us.”
➡️operate on
“Aspiring surgeons learn how to operate on people.”
➡️plan on
“Do you plan on attending the concert tomorrow?”

📗Verbs with “to”

➡️adjust to
“You’ll adjust to your new school in no time.”
➡️admit to
“He admitted to reading her diary.”
➡️belong to
“The wallet belongs to that woman over there.”
➡️travel to
“I am traveling to England tomorrow.”
➡️listen to
“Grace is listening to music in her room.”
➡️go to
“Anthony, please go to the back of the classroom.”
➡️relate to
“I can’t relate to this character at all.”
➡️respond to
“Josh responded to his friend’s email.”
➡️talk to
“He talked to the manager for more than an hour.”
➡️turn to
“Turn to page 46 for a diagram of the procedure.”

📗Verbs with “with”

➡️agree with
“I don’t agree with his opinions.”
➡️argue with
“The two argued with each other for several minutes.”
➡️begin with, start with
“Let’s begin with a short quiz.”
“I shouldn’t have started with a salad.”
➡️collide with
“It is possible, albeit unlikely, for an asteroid to collide with Earth.”
➡️compare with
“How does the restaurant’s soup compare with Vera’s?”
➡️compete with
“When I run races, I only compete with the clock.”
➡️cope with
“It’s not easy to cope with failure.”
➡️disagree with
“She disagrees with my suggestion.”
➡️interfere with
“Be careful not to interfere with the conference upstairs.”
➡️meet with
“When will you meet with her?

📗Verbs with “about”

➡️ask about
“I asked about the company’s job opening.”
➡️care about
“She doesn’t seem to care about going to college.”
➡️complain about
“The boy complained about his early curfew.”
➡️forget about
“I forgot about the wedding reception.”
➡️hear about
“Did you hear about the renovation project?”
➡️joke about
“Kim often jokes about her high-pitched voice.”
➡️know about
“What do you know about physics?”
➡️laugh about
“The friends laughed about their terrible luck.”
➡️learn about
“Michelle is learning about film production.”
➡️talk about
“What are you talking about?”
➡️think about
“We’ll need to think about hiring some more staff.”
➡️worry about
“So many adults worry about getting older.”
➡️write about
“Dean wrote about his day in his journal.”

Verbs with at

➡️arrive at
“We arrived at the hotel in the morning.”
➡️balk at
“Melissa balked at taking out the garbage.”
➡️excel at
“My five-year-old niece already excels at math and science.”
➡️laugh at
“The boy couldn’t stop laughing at Isabella’s joke.”
➡️look at
“Look at the whiteboard, please.”
➡️nod at
“She nodded at her coworkers.”
➡️shout at
“He could hear someone shouting at the TV.”
➡️smile at
“My son smiles at me every time I walk through the door.”
➡️stare at
“It’s uncomfortable when people stare at you.”

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