Here are all Word Formation MCQ’s for you!
Q. What is Reduplication?
Ans. Reduplication refers to words formed through repetition of sounds.
e.g. okey-dokey, film-flam, and pitter-patter and Urdu example “khaana shaana”
Q. What is Superordinate?
Ans. Superordinate means higher-level term e.g. dog and horse both have the same Superordinate “Animal”
(it means the broader category)
Q. What is Prototype?
Ans. The most typical/common example of a category is called prototype e.g. Robin is the prototype of bird
(it means that the bird Robin is very much common. Prototype means model)
Q. What is Eponym?
Ans. New words based on the name of a person or place are called Eponyms e.g. the word “jeans” from the Italian city “Genoa” where this type of cloth was first made
Q. What is Backformation?
Ans. The process of reducing a word such as a noun to a shorter version and using it as a new word such as a verb e.g. “babysit” from “babysitter”
Q. What is Borrowing?
Ans. The process of taking of words from other languages. English has also taken or borrowed words from many languages
Q. What is Compounding?
Ans. The process of combining two or more words to form a new word e.g. bookcases, textbook, fingerprint
Q. What is Blending?
Ans. The process of combining the beginning of one word and the end of another word to form a new word e.g. “brunch” from “breakfast” and “lunch” ; “smog” from “smoke” and “fog”
Q. What is clipping?
Ans. The process of reducing a word of more than one syllable to a shorter form e.g. ‘ad’ from “advertisement” and ‘flu’ from “influenza”
Q. There are some words that appeared in the dictionary because of printing errors, these words are called?
Ans. Ghost words e.g. the word ‘dord’
Q. What is Hypocorism?
Ans. A process in which a longer word is reduced to a shorter form with y or ie at the end e.g. “movie” from “moving pictures” and ‘telly’ from “television”
Q. What is Conversion?
Ans. The process of changing the function of a word, such as a noun to a verb e.g. the noun “vacation” as a verb in
“they are vacationing in Lahore”
Q. Words we always use even though they add no meaning or value to a sentence are called?
Ans. Crutch words e.g. “Actually,” “basically,” “like” and “you know what” etc.
Q. What are Acronyms?
Ans. Acronyms are new words formed from the initial letters of a set of other words e.g. NASA from National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Q. What is consonant cluster?
Ans. Two or more consonants in sequence are called Consonant Cluster e.g. st in stop
Q. What is the general name for prefixes and suffixes?
Q. What is Derivation?
Ans. The process of forming new words by adding affixes e.g. “unhappy” from “happy” and “misrepresent” from “represent”
Q. A sentence that contains all 26 letters of the English alphabet is called a?
Q. Give an example of Pangram?
Ans. “The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog.”
Q. What is Collocation?
Ans. Words that frequently occur together e.g. salt and pepper, bread and butter etc.
Q. What is synonymy?
Ans. It is the study of words with the same or similar meaning e.g. “conceal” is a synonym of “hide”
Q. The basic principle of Lexicography is?
(lexicography is the process of writing, editing and compiling a dictionary)
Q. What is Polysemy?
Ans. A word having two or more meanings e.g. foot of a person, of bed, of mountain
Q. What is Coinage?
Ans. The invention of new words e.g. “xerox”
Q. The most typical sources of Coinage are?
Ans. Commercial products that become general terms e.g. aspirin, nylon, zipper
Q. The most salient contemporary example of Coinage is?
Ans. The word “Google” which is originally a misspelling for the word “googol”
Q. Homophony refers to……..?
Ans. Same pronunciation but different meanings e.g. too, two, to
Q. The study of the overall structure and history of the vocabulary of a language is called…….?
Q. What is Antonymy?
Ans. It is the oppositeness of meaning between two words e.g. ‘Shallow’ is an Antonym of ‘Deep’
Q. What are Gradable Antonyms?
Ans. Words with opposite meanings along a scale e.g. small-medium-large-extra large
Q. What are Non-gradable Antonyms?
Ans. Words which are direct opposites e.g. alive-dead
Q. What is Hyponymy?
Ans. When the meaning of one word is included in the meaning of another word e.g. “daffodil” is a hyponym of “flower” because flower is common name for different flowers
Q. What are Co-hyponyms?
Ans. Two or more words that share the same broader category are co-hyponyms e.g. dog and horse are co-hyponyms as both are animals
Q. What are Homophones?
Ans. Two or more words with different spellings and meanings but the same pronunciation e.g. to-too-two
Q. What are Homonyms?
Ans. Two words with the same spellings and pronunciation but different meanings e.g. mole on a skin and mole which is an animal
Q. If a long word is reduced to a single syllable and then ‘y’ or ‘ie’ is added to the end to make new words, this process is called?
(e.g. Breakfast to breaky, Timothy to Timmy)
Q. The total stock of words in a language is called?
(Linguistics MCQs Part 01)
Q. Words which differ only in one phoneme are called?
Ans. Minimal pairs. e.g. ‘sip’ and ‘zip’
Q. The word “bank” in “on the banks of the river” and “banks are financial institutions” is called?
(Same spelling and same pronunciation but different meaning)
Q. What is lexeme?
Ans. Lexeme is the basic or dictionary form of a word. Each inflected form of a lexeme is called a word-form e.g. “sing, sang, sung, singing, sings” are each a word-form and each one belongs to the lexeme SING
Q. The changing of the form of a verb in order to reflect person, number, tense and mood?
Ans. Conjugation. We have to conjugate verbs because the basic forms e.g. “to play” don’t express what we want to express
Q. What is Recursion?
Ans. It is the repetition of something. It might be the repetition of words or grammar rules
Q. Give two examples of recursion OR repetition?
Ans. “I am very tired” can be written as “I am very very tired” ; Ahmad and Ali and Jawad and Adnan and Talha and Zakir and Hina and Abida were in school
(here recursion of coordinating conjunction could be seen)
Q. Some English words look the same backward or forward, they are called?
Ans. Palindromes e.g. the word Madam
Q. Some English words look the same upside down, they are called?
Ans. Ambigrams e.g. the word SWIMS
Q. Words where each letter is used the same number of times are called?
Ans. Isograms e.g. the word dialogue uses each letter once
Q. Who said, “Words are like bottles that contain ideas as bottles contain medicines?”
Ans. H. Dippie
Q. The use of unpleasant harsh sounds in speech or writing is called?
Q. Give an example of cacophony?
Ans. “I detest war because cause of war is always trivial.”
(The phrase “because cause” is cacophonic as “because” is followed by “cause” which has a similar sound, but different meaning. Generally, it sounds unpleasant as the same sound is repeated in two different words)
Q. What is Affix?
Ans. A bound morpheme such as un- or ed- added to a word e.g. undressed
Q. What is etymology?
Ans. The study of the origin and history of words
Q. The word etymology is originated from?
Q. What is suffix?
Ans. A bound morpheme added to the end of a word e.g. ness in illness
Q. What is prefix?
Ans. A bound morpheme added to the beginning of a word e.g. ‘un’ in unclear
Q. What are mostly used for Word Play?
Ans. Homophones, Homonyms and Polysemy
Q. What is Metonymy?
Ans. A word used in place of another with which it is closely connected in everyday experience e.g. Hollywood is used for English movies although it is actually a district of USA
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